Raorchestes annandalii (Boulenger, 1906)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes annandalii

Ixalus annandalii Boulenger, 1906, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Ser. 2, 2: 385. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.26.57–58 (formerly 1906.8.10.39–40) according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38, who designated BMNH 1947.2.26.58 (formerly 1906.8.10.40) as lectotype and (on page 81–82) redescribed. the specimen. Type locality: "E. Himalayas, at Kurseong, altitude 5,000 feet", India.

Ixalus annandaleiAnnandale, 1908, Rec. Indian Mus., 2: 305. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) annandaliiAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 53, 71.

Philautus annandaliiBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 451.

Philautus (Philautus) annandaliiBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38.

Pseudophilautus annandaliiLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519.

Raorchestes annandaliiBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Coppersmith Frog (Annandale, 1908, Rec. Indian Mus., 2: 305).

Himalaya Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Annandale's Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 80; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 94; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 95).

Himalayan Foam Nesting Frog (Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 91).


Eastern Himalayan region to 2700 m elevation: India (Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Nagaland, Sikkim), Bhutan, and eastern Nepal.


Very similar to Philautus parvulus according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38. See comment under Raorchestes shillongensis. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 148, provided a brief account. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 317–319, provided an account, figure, and map for the Nepal population. See brief account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 91. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 90, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 74, provided relevant literature and range. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117–1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 307, provided a brief report for Arunachal Pradesh. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 95, provided a brief characterization (as Philautus annandalii) and a photograph. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 77, for brief account (as Philautus annandalii). Wangyal, Bower, Sherub, Tshewang, Wangdi, Rinchen, Puntsho, Tashi, Koirala, Bhandari, Phuntsho, Koirala, Ghalley, Chaida, Tenzin, Powrel, Tshewang, Raika, Jamtsho, Kinley, Gyeltshen, Tashi, Nidup, Wangdi, Phuentsho, Norbu, Wangdi, Wangchuk, Tobgay, Dorji, and Das, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 794, tentatively identified a photograph as of this species from Samtse District, Bhutan, although this requires confirmation. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the genetics of the Nepal population.

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