Raorchestes annandalii (Boulenger, 1906)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes annandalii

Ixalus annandalii Boulenger, 1906, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Ser. 2, 2: 385. Syntypes: BMNH 1947.2.26.57-58 (formerly 1906.8.10.39-40) according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38, who designated BMNH 1947.2.26.58 (formerly 1906.8.10.40) as lectotype and (on page 81-82) redescribed. Type locality: "E. Himalayas, at Kurseong, altitude 5,000 feet", India.

Ixalus annandaleiAnnandale, 1908, Rec. Indian Mus., 2: 305. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) annandaliiAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 53, 71.

Philautus annandaliiBourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 451.

Philautus (Philautus) annandaliiBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38.

Pseudophilautus annandaliiLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519.

Raorchestes annandaliiBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Coppersmith Frog (Annandale, 1908, Rec. Indian Mus., 2: 305).

Himalaya Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Annandale's Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Schleich, Anders, and Kästle, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 80; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 94; Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 95).

Himalayan Foam Nesting Frog (Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 91).


Eastern Himalayan region to 2700 m elevation: India (Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Nagaland, Sikkim), Bhutan, and eastern Nepal.


Very similar to Philautus parvulus according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 38. See comment under Raorchestes shillongensis. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 148, provided a brief account. Anders, 2002, in Schleich and Kästle (eds.), Amph. Rept. Nepal: 317-319, provided an account, figure, and map for the Nepal population. See brief account by Shrestha, 2001, Herpetol. Nepal: 91. Sarkar, Biswas, and Ray, 1992, State Fauna Ser., 3: 90, provided a brief account for West Bengal, India. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 74, provided relevant literature and range. Ao, Bordoloi, and Ohler, 2003, Zoos' Print J., 18: 1117-1125, provided a specific locality for Nagaland, northeastern India. Sarkar and Ray, 2006, In Alfred (ed.), Fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, Part 1: 307, provided a brief report for Arunachal Pradesh. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 95, provided a brief characterization (as Philautus annandalii) and a photograph. See Shah and Tiwari, 2004, Herpetofauna Nepal: 77, for brief account (as Philautus annandalii).

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