Raorchestes bombayensis (Annandale, 1919)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes bombayensis

Ixalus bombayensis Annandale, 1919, Rec. Indian Mus., 16: 124. Holotype: ZSIC 18782 according to the originally publication; the number corrected to ZSIC 18287 by Chanda, Das, and Dubois, 2001 "2000", Hamadryad, 25: 112. Type locality: "Castle Rock", N. Canara district, Karnataka, India.

Rhacophorus (Philautus) bombayensisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 79.

Philautus bombayensisGorham, 1974, Checklist World Amph.: 166; Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 527.

Philautus (Philautus) bombayensisBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 41.

Pseudophilautus bombayensisLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional change by implication.

Raorchestes bombayensisBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Bombay Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 111).

Maharashtra Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 66; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 95).

Castle Rock Bush Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 151).

Konkan Bush Frog (Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 142).


Karnataka (Castle Rock and Londa) through eastern Goa to Maharashtra (Ambol) in the northern Western Ghats, India, 400-1300 m elevation.


See Biju, 2001, Occas. Publ. Indian Soc. Conserv. Biol., 1: 18, discussed range. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 151, provided a brief account. Dutta, 1997, Amph. India Sri Lanka: 75, provided relevant literature and range. Daniels, 2005, Amph. Peninsular India: 142–143, provided an account. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 519. Biju and Bossuyt, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 374–444 [399–400], provided an account, distribution map, and discussed relationships. A brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 128. Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, discussed the range in Maharashtra, India, in terms of agro-climatic zones. 

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