Raorchestes graminirupes (Biju and Bossuyt, 2005)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes graminirupes

Philautus graminirupes Biju and Bossuyt, 2005, Copeia, 2005: 30. Holotype: BNHM 4265, by original designation. Type locality: "at an altitude of 1020 m above sea level, at 'upper sanatorium' Ponmudi Hill, (approximately 8° 45′ N, 77° 08′ E) in Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala, India".

Pseudophilautus graminirupesLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional change by implication.

Raorchestes graminirupesBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Ponmudi Bush Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 100; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 13).


Known only from the type locality in Ponmudi, south of the Palghat Gap, southern Western Ghats, Kerala, India, 1030 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


Previously confused with Raorchestes signatus (as Philautus) according to the original publication. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 523. Biju and Bossuyt, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 374-444 [415] provided an account, distribution map, and discussed relationships. Bee, Suyesh, and Biju, 2013, Herpetologica, 69: 22-35, reported on vocal behavior.  A brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 139.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.