Raorchestes shillongensis (Pillai and Chanda, 1973)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes shillongensis

Philautus shillongensis Pillai and Chanda, 1973, Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Ser. B, 78: 30. Holotype: ZSIC A.6971 (formerly ZSI-M V/ERS 472, by original designation) according to Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 54. Type locality: "Malki Forest, Shillong, Altitude 5,000 ft. (1,524 metres)", Meghalaya, India.

Philautus (Philautus) shillongensisBossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 54.

Pseudophilautus shillongensisLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional arrangement and by implication.

Raorchestes shillongensisBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Shillong Bubble-nest Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 112).

Xmas Bush Frog (Das and Dutta, 1998, Hamadryad, 23: 67).

Shillong Bush Frog (Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 167; Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 48; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 108; Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 14).


Khasi Hills in the region of Shillong, Meghalaya, northeastern India, below 1400 m elevation; also controversially reported for Mizoram (see comment), northeastern India; reported from Tsirang District, Bhutan.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bhutan, India


Bossuyt and Dubois, 2001, Zeylanica, 6: 54, suggested that Philautus shillongensis might be a junior synonym of Ixalus annandalii. Chanda, 2002, Handb. Indian Amph.: 167, provided a brief account. Mathew, Sen, and Meetei, 2005, Cobra, Chennai, 61: 27, provided color pattern notes from life. Mathew and Sen, 2003, Cobra, Chennai, 53: 9-12, provided an account. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 532. Ahmed, Das, and Dutta, 2009, Amph. Rept. NE India: 48, provided a brief account (as Philautus shillongensis) for northeastern India. Mathew and Sen, 2010, Pict. Guide Amph. NE India: 98-99, provided a brief characterization (as Philautus shillongensis) and a photograph and included Mizoram within the range. Boruah, Raj, Dutta, and Das, 2018, Phyllomedusa, 17: 3–20, redescribed morphology, mapped the range in Meghalaya, discussed natural history and calls, and noted that no voucher or explicit collection locality exists for the Mizoram record. Wangyal, Bower, Sherub, Tshewang, Wangdi, Rinchen, Puntsho, Tashi, Koirala, Bhandari, Phuntsho, Koirala, Ghalley, Chaida, Tenzin, Powrel, Tshewang, Raika, Jamtsho, Kinley, Gyeltshen, Tashi, Nidup, Wangdi, Phuentsho, Norbu, Wangdi, Wangchuk, Tobgay, Dorji, and Das, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 794, tentatively identified a photograph as of this species from Bhutan. 

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