Raorchestes tuberohumerus (Kuramoto and Joshy, 2003)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Raorchestes > Species: Raorchestes tuberohumerus

Philautus tuberohumerus Kuramoto and Joshy, 2003, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 22: 55. Holotype: BNHM 4193, by original designation. Type locality: "Kudremukh, Chikumagalur, Karnataka, ca. 940 m in altitude", India.

Pseudophilautus tuberohumerusLi, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao, and Zhang, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 53: 519. Provisional arrangement and by implication.

Raorchestes tuberohumerusBiju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta, and Bossuyt, 2010, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 98: 1120, by implication.

English Names

Kudremukh Bush Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Gururaja, and Bhatta, 2009, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 302: 111).

Black Belly Bush Frog (Dinesh, Radhakrishnan, Deepak, and Kulkarni, 2023, Fauna India Checklist, vers. 5.0 : 14).


Southern India in the Western Ghats region, above the coastal lowlands, of Karnataka (Chikmagalur, Kudremukh-Malleshwaram, Sakleshpur, Kempholay, Mercara, and Someshwar-Agumbae) and Kerala (Muthanga), likely extending into northwestern Tamil Nadu. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: India

Endemic: India


Most similar to Philautus bombayensis, with which it was previously confused, according to the original publication. Vasudevan, Chaitra, and Aggarwal, 2007, Curr. Sci., Bangalore, 92: 281-282, criticised aspects of the original desciptioni and because of the proximity of type localities implied that this may be found to be a junior synonym of Philautus tinniens. Biju and Bossuyt, 2009, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 155: 374-444 [438-439], provided an account, distribution map, and discussed relationships. A brief characterization, photograph, and dot map provided by Subramanian, Dinesh, and Radhakrishnan, 2013, Atlas of Endemic Amph. W. Ghats: 160. Padhye, Jadhav, Sulakhe, and Dahanukar, 2015, J. Threatened Taxa, 7: 7211–7222, discussed sexual dimorphism predicted the range. Sreekumar and Dinesh, 2020, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, 120: 33–40, noted that records from Maharashtra, India, are in error.  

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