Rhacophorus annamensis Smith, 1924

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Rhacophorus > Species: Rhacophorus annamensis

Rhacophorus annamensis Smith, 1924, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1924: 229. Holotype: BMNH 1924.1.31.15 (formerly M. Smith 2450), by museum records. Type locality: "Daban, alt. 200 m., Phan Rang province, S. Annam", Vietnam.

Rhacophorus notater Smith, 1924, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1924: 227. Holotype: Originally M. Smith 2797, now BMNH 1947.2.8.83 (reregistered from 1924.1.31.3), according to museum records. Type locality: "Daban, alt. 200 m., Phan Rang Province, S. Annam", Vietnam. Synonymy by Matsui, 2005, Curr. Herpetol., Kyoto, 24: 91-93; Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 142.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) annamensisAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 163; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) notaterAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 155; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus pardalis annamensisWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 206–208.

Rhacophorus annamensisInger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 372.

English Names

Annam Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 113).

Daban Flying Frog (Rhacophorus notater [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Annam Tree Frog (Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 111).


Kon Tum–Dat Lat Plateau, of the southern Annamite Mountains, in Vietnam and the east of Cambodia (Mondulkiri and Ratanakiri provinces), 700–1200 m elevation; likely into adjacent central and southern Laos.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cambodia, Vietnam

Likely/Controversially Present: Laos


In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) pardalis group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77 (see dissenting opinion on the recognition of this group under Rhacophorus). See account (as Rhacophorus pardalis annamensis) by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 443–444. Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 372, noted that the placement of Rhacophorus annamensis as a subspecies of Rhacophorus pardalis by Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 208, was done without examination of specimens and should therefore not be followed without additional examination. See comments by Inger, Orlov, and Darevsky, 1999, Fieldiana, Zool., N.S., 92: 29–30. Nguyen, Ho, and Nguyen, 2005, Checklist Amph. Rept. Vietnam: 39, provided specific localities for Vietnam and (p. 150) a photograph. Stuart, Sok, and Neang, 2006, Raffles Bull. Zool., 54: 142, provided a record for eastern Cambodia. See brief account by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 444–445 (as Rhacophorus notater). Orlov, Murphy, Ananjeva, Ryabov, and Ho, 2002, Russ. J. Herpetol., 9: 96, implied that this taxon is conspecific with Rhacophorus annamensis; beyond noting similarity between the taxa they did not include Rhacophorus notater in their checklist of Vietnamese amphibians. Bain, Nguyen, and Doan, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 111, provided records for Thua Thien-Hue and Quang Nam provinces, Vietnam, and briefly discussed the range. Neang and Holden, 2008, Field Guide Amph. Cambodia: 111, provided a photograph, brief account of identification, ecology, and range in Cambodia. Orlov, Nguyen, and Ho, 2008, Russ. J. Herpetol., 15: 67–84, provided a photograph and a key to differentiate this species from others in Vietnam. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 538. Tran, Le, Le, Vu, Nguyen, Böhme, and Ziegler, 2010, Herpetol. Notes, 3: 111–119, provided a record from Quang Ngai Province, central Vietnam, and provided a brief morphological diagnosis. See account, photograph, and map for Vietnam in Vassilieva, Galoyan, Poyarkov, and Geissler, 2016, Photograph. Field Guide Amph. Rept. Lowland S. Vietnam: 117–119. Duong and Ngo, 2022, Herpetol. Notes, 15: 751–762, discussed range in Vietnam and provided records for Binh Dinh Province.  

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