Theloderma phrynoderma (Ahl, 1927)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Theloderma > Species: Theloderma phrynoderma

Phrynoderma asperum Boulenger, 1893, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 2, 13: 342. Syntypes: MSNG 29414 and BMNH 1947.2.7.59 (formerly 1893.10.9.35, by museum records)]; MSNG 29414 designated lectotype by Capocaccia, 1957, Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, Ser. 3, 69: 218. Type locality: "Thao", northern Myanmar. Secondary homonym of Ixalus asper Boulenger, 1886.

Rhacophorus phrynoderma Ahl, 1927, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1927: 47. Replacement name for Phrynoderma asperum Boulenger, 1893.

Rhacophorus (Phrynoderma) phrynodermaAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 60.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) leprosus phrynodermaWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 158.

Theloderma phrynoderma — Inger, 1985, in Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 550; Delorme, Dubois, Grosjean, and Ohler, 2005, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 74: 169.

Theloderma (Theloderma) phrynoderma — Poyarkov, Orlov, Moiseeva, Pawangkhanant, Ruangsuwan, Vassilieva, Galoyan, Nguyen, and Gogoleva, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 276. 

English Names

Burmese Bug-eyed Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Burmese Warted Tree Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 454).

Tenasserim Warty Treefrog (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 46).

Distribution

Two widely separated localities: the type locality (Thao, Kayah) in the Karen Hills of south-central Myanmar and the Tanintharyi Nature Reserve (Yephyu Township, Dawei District, Tanintharyi Division) southern Myanmar into adjacent western Thailand. 

Comment

Discussed (as Rhacophorus leprosus phrynoderma) by Bourret, 1942, Batr. Indochine: 413–414. See criticism of the formulation of Rhacophorus leprosus in the sense of Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 154–159, by Inger, 1954, Fieldiana, Zool., 33: 408. See identification table by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 122–123, to compare this species (as Theloderma asperum) to other rhacophorids of the Sunda Shelf region. Dever, Nguyen, and Wilkinson, 2015, Copeia, 103: 402–415, reported new specimens from southern Myanmar and redescribed the morphology and the phylogenetic placement via mtDNA analysis. Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 454–455, provided a brief account (description, photographs, habitat, and range) for Thailand (in Thai). In the subgenus Theloderma, Theloderma asperum species group of Poyarkov, Orlov, Moiseeva, Pawangkhanant, Ruangsuwan, Vassilieva, Galoyan, Nguyen, and Gogoleva, 2015, Russ. J. Herpetol., 22: 276. Mulcahy, Lee, Miller, Chand, Thura, and Zug, 2018, ZooKeys, 757: 96, provided a record from Tanintharyi, southern Myanmar. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 46, briefly discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. 

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