Zhangixalus prominanus (Smith, 1924)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Zhangixalus > Species: Zhangixalus prominanus

Rhacophorus prominanus Smith, 1924, J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 11: 185. Holotype: BMNH (formerly M. Smith 6691), BMNH 1947.2.8.87 (previously 1924.5.24.1) according Hamidy and Kurniati, 2015, Zootaxa, 3947: 65. Type locality: "Jor, Batang Padang, Perak, altitude 600 metres", Malaysia (Malaya).

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) prominanusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 165; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus dulitensis prominanusTaylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 491–493.

Rhacophorus prominanusInger, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 52: 295.

Rhacophorus tunkui Kiew, 1987, Malayan Nat. J., 41: 418. Holotype: UMKL 1986.1, by original designation. Type locality: "Sungai Jasin, Ulu Endau, Johore", Malaysia. Synonymy by Harvey, Pemberton, and Smith, 2002, Herpetol. Monogr., 16: 83.

Zhangixalus prominanus — Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7. 

Rhacophorus (Zhangixalus) prominanus — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication. 

English Names

Johore Flying Frog (Rhacophorus tunkui [no longer recognized]: Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Jor Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Green Tree Frog (Nutphund, 2001, Amph. Thailand: 142).

Jade Treefrog (Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 160).

Jade Tree Frog (Niyomwan, Srisom, and Pawangkhanant, 2019, Field Guide Amph. Thailand: 464).


Extreme southern peninsular Thailand (Yala and Narathiwat provinces) and peninsular Malaysia; records from Sumatra require confirmation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand


In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) reinwardtii group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion regarding the recognition of this group. See account by Taylor, 1962, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 43: 491–493, as Rhacophorus dulitensis prominanus; previous (Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 210). See Berry, 1975, Amph. Fauna Peninsular Malaysia: 106–107, for account. See brief account and photo by Manthey and Grossmann, 1997, Amph. Rept. Südostasiens: 134–135. See account by Harvey, Pemberton, and Smith, 2002, Herpetol. Monogr., 16: 83–84. Harvey, Pemberton, and Smith, 2002, Herpetol. Monogr., 16: 50, provided a record for extreme southern Sumatra, Indonesia. Leong and Lim, 2003, Raffles Bull. Zool., 51: 128–130, provided records from Raub District, Pahang, West Malaysia. Chan-ard, 2003, Photograph. Guide Amph. Thailand: 160–161, provided a very brief account, map for Thailand, and photograph. Grismer, Chan, Grismer, Wood, and Ahmad, 2010, Russ. J. Herpetol., 17: 147–160, reported localities from the Banjaran Bintang Mountains, northwestern peninsular Malaysia. Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Amph. E. Region Thailand: 141, detailed the range in Thailand. Thong-aree, Chan-ard, Cota, and Makchai, 2011, Thailand Nat. Hist. Mus. J., 5: 99–106, reported the species from Bala Forest, Narathiwat, extreme southern Thailand. O'Connell, Hamidy, Kurniawan, Smith, and Fujita, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 123: 101–112, discussed (as Rhacophorus) molecular phylogenetics and biogeography.

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.