Zhangixalus schlegelii (Günther, 1858)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhacophoridae > Subfamily: Rhacophorinae > Genus: Zhangixalus > Species: Zhangixalus schlegelii

Polypedates schlegelii Günther, 1858, Arch. Naturgesch., 24: 325. Syntypes: BMNH (several specimens), according to Günther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 81, these including BMNH 1947.2.8.66–67 (formerly 1844.2.22.107) and 1947.2.8.68 (formerly 1933.9.10.31) according to museum records. Type locality: "Japan".

Rhacophorus schlegeliiBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 86.

Rhacophorus microglossus Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 87. Holotype: BMNH, by original designation and illustrated in pl. 9, fig. 2 of the original. Type locality: Unknown. Synonymy by Wolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 94.

Polypedates schlegeliiStejneger, 1907, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 58: 145.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) schlegeliiAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 145; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77.

Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) microglossusAhl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 146.

Rhacophorus schlegelii schlegeliiWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 191.

Rhacophorus schlegelii microglossusWolf, 1936, Bull. Raffles Mus., 12: 94.

Zhangixalus schlegelii — Jiang, Jiang, Ren, Wu, and Li, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 7. 

Rhacophorus (Zhangixalus) schlegelii — Mahony, Kamei, Brown, and Chan, 2024, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 74: 253, by implication. 

English Names

Japanese Gliding Frog (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 171).

Schlegel's Green Tree Frog (Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 145).

Schlegel's Flying Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114).

Schlegel's Tree Frog (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 134).


Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and the Ryukyu Is., Japan.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Japan

Endemic: Japan


In the Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) schlegelii group of Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 77; see comment under Rhacophorus for dissenting opinion regarding the recognition of this group. See account by Okada, 1966, Fauna Japon., Anura: 144–159. See comments under Rhacophorus owstoni and Rhacophorus viridis. See Nakamura and Ueno, 1963, Japan. Rept. Amph. Color: 57–58, and Maeda and Matsui, 1990, Frogs Toads Japan, Ed. 2: 142–145, for accounts. Goris and Maeda, 2004, Guide Amph. Rept. Japan: 121–123, provided an account, map, and photograph. Matsui, Kawahara, Nishikawa, Ikeda, Eto, and Mizuno, 2019, Asian Herpetol. Res., 10: 86–104, reported on mtDNA phylogeography. Dufresnes, Ambu, Prasad, Borzée, and Litvinchuk, 2022, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 135: 40–51, noted that this binomial covers additional cryptic species. 

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