Rhinophrynus dorsalis Duméril and Bibron, 1841

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Rhinophrynidae > Genus: Rhinophrynus > Species: Rhinophrynus dorsalis

Rhinophrynus dorsalis Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 758. Holotype: MNHNP 693, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 17. By museum records now numbered as MNHNP 0.743. Type locality: "Vera-Cruz", Mexico.

Rhinophrynus rostratus Brocchi, 1877, Bull. Soc. Philomath., Paris, Ser. 7, 1: 196. Holotype: MNHNP 6335, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 17. Type locality: "Tehuantepec, (Mexique)". Synonymy by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 329.

Rhinophryne rostratusO'Shaughnessy, 1879, Zool. Rec., 14: 13.

English Names

Rhinophryne (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 175).

Burrowing Toad (Kellogg, 1932, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 160: 26; Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 95; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 53; Frost, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2008, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 37: 11; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 22; Frost, McDiarmid, Mendelson, and Green, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 21; Frost, Lemmon, McDiarmid, and Mendelson, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 20).

Mexican Burrowing Toad (Cochran, 1961, Living Amph. World: 95; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 297; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 13; Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 28; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 114; Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 54; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 13; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 16; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 9).

Middle American Burrowing Toad (Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 45).

Cone-nosed Frog (Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 183).


From the mouth of the Río Balsas (Michoacán, Mexico) in the west and extreme southern Texas (USA) in the north along the coastal plains of Mexico and Guatemala to northern Honduras (Olancho Province), on the Caribbean versant, and through El Salvador and Nicaragua to northwestern Costa Rica on the Pacific versant; also in the Río Grijalva Valley of Chiapas (Mexico).


Reviewed by Fouquette, 1969, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 78: 1–2. Lips and Savage, 1996, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 109: 17–26, included this species in a key to the tadpoles found in Costa Rica. See also accounts by Lee, 1996, Amph. Rept. Yucatan Peninsula: 54–56, Campbell, 1998, Amph. Rept. N. Guatemala Yucatan Belize: 45–46; Lee, 2000, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Maya World: 60–62; Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 183–184, and McCranie and Wilson, 2002, Amph. Honduras: 497–499. Köhler, Veselý, and Greenbaum, 2005 "2006", Amph. Rept. El Salvador: 70–71, provided an account (for El Salvador) and a color photograph. McCranie, 2007, Herpetol. Rev., 38: 38, summarized the departmental distribution in Honduras. Lemos-Espinal and Dixon, 2013, Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí: 73–74, provided an account for San Luis Potosí, Mexico. Henrriquez-Aguilar and Townsend, 2013, Herpetol. Rev., 44: 622, provided a record for Olanco Province, Honduras, and commented on the range. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 296–297, provided a brief summary of natural history and provided a range map and photograph for this species. Fouquette, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 599–600, provided a detailed account that summarized the literature of biology, range, and conservation, particularly with reference to the USA component of the range. Sunyer, Martínez-Fonseca, Salazar-Saavedra, Galindo-Uribe, and Obando, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 174, provided a record for the department of Chinandega, Nicaragua.  Elliot, Gerhardt, and Davidson, 2009, Frogs and Toads of N. Am.: 306–307, provided an account, photos, and advertisement call. Sandoval, Barrantes, Ocampo, and Sánchez-Quirós, 2015, Mesoam. Herpetol., 2: 154–166, reported on acoustics. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 247–248, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Lemos-Espinal and Dixon, 2016, Amph. Rept. Hidalgo: 397–398, provided a brief account and map for Hidalgo, Mexico.   

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