Ambystoma altamirani Dugès, 1895

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma altamirani

Amblystoma altamirani Dugès, 1895, Descr. Axolotl Montagnes de las Cruces: 5. Syntypes: MDUG (6 specimens), according to Smith and Necker, 1943, An. Esc. Nac. Cienc. Biol., México, 3: 183;  including some in the BMNH (1897.1.1.23, reregistered as 1946.9.6.56) as well as MNHNP 1897.146, 1897.400, and 1901.123, according to Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 11-13, who discussed the types and type designation. Dimensions of only one specimen are specified in the original (DRF), presumably of the animal figured. Flores-Villela, Ríos-Muñoz, Magaña-Cota, and Quezadas-Tapia, 2016, Zootaxa, 4092: 36, discussed the syntypic series and noted 8 specimens in the MDUG that should be considered syntypes (HE 314, 316–19, 322, and 964–65). Type locality: "'Manantiale de los Ajolotes', dans la 'Serranía de las Cruces' appartenant la Vallée de México", Distrito Federal, Mexico.

Ambystoma altamiraniStrand, 1928, Arch. Naturgesch., Abt. A,, 92: 55, by implication; Fowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 11.

Rhyacosiredon altamiraniDunn, 1928, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 10: 85. Taylor, 1939 "1938", Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 25: 262.

Ambystoma (Rhyacosiredon) altamiraniLafrentz, 1930, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 6: 115. Wolterstorff, 1930, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 6: 142-144.

Rhyacosiredon zempoalaensis Taylor and Smith, 1945, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 95: 527. Holotype: USNM 116617, by original designation. Type locality: "at the Lakes of Zempoala, Morelos, México, in a nearly dry lake bed, elevation about 10,000 feet". Synonymy by Reilly and Brandon, 1994, Copeia, 1994: 656-662.

Ambystoma altamiranoiBrandon, 1989, in Armstrong and Malacinski (eds.), Developmental Biol. Axolotl: 18. Smith and Smith, 1993, Synops. Herpetofauna Mex., 7: 11. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ambystoma zempoalaenseBrandon, 1989, in Armstrong and Malacinski (eds.), Developmental Biol. Axolotl: 18.

Ambystoma altamiraniReilly and Brandon, 1994, Copeia, 1994: 656-662.

Ambystoma altamiranoiLiner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 27. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Ambystoma (Heterotriton) altamiraniDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Mountain Stream Siredon (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 8; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 26).

Lake Zempoala Siredon (Ambystoma zempoalaense [no longer recognized]: Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 9; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 28).


High mountains south and west of the Valley of Mexico in the central state of México, southern Distrito Federal, and northwestern Morelos, Mexico, 2700-3200 m elevation.


Uribe-Peña, Ramírez-Bautista, and Casas-Andreu, 1999, Cuad. Inst. Biol., UNAM, 32: 15-22, provided accounts as Ambystoma altamiranoi and Ambystoma zempoalense. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 89, provided a brief account, figure, and map. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 543. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 101, provided a brief account, photo, and map. : 237–248, reported on genetic diversity. Monroy-Vilchis, Heredia-Bobadilla, Zarco-González, Ávila-Akerberg, and Sunny, 2019, Herpetozoa, Wien, 32: 237–248, reported on genetic variation. 

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