Ambystoma annulatum Cope, 1886

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma annulatum

Amblystoma annulatum Cope, 1886, Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 23: 525. Holotype: USNM 11564 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 4. Type locality: "Unknown"; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 18, designated type locality as "vicinity of Hot Springs, [Garland County,] Arkansas", USA, but because this designation is not based on any evidence, it is invalid (cf.Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 75). 

Linguaelapsus annulatusCope, 1887, Am. Nat., 21: 88; Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 115.

Ambystoma annulatumStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 8.

Ambystoma (Linguaelapsus) annulatumTihen, 1958, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 3: 3, 43; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

Linguaelapsus annulatumFreytag, 1959, Vierteiljahrschrift Naturforsch. Ges. Zürich, 104: 88; Freytag, 1962, Aquar. Terrar. Z., 9: 173-176.

Ambystoma annulatumAnderson, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 19: 1.

English Names

Ringed Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 115; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 252; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 18; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 13; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 23; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 30; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 22).


Ozark region of central Missouri, central and western Arkansas, and eastern Oklahoma south to near the Texas border, USA.


See detailed accounts by Anderson, 1965, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 19: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 37–40, and Trauth, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 602–603. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 114, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 80–81, provided an account of larval morphology. Burkhart, Puckett, Beringer, Sholy, Semlitsch, and Eggert, 2019 9: 11171–11184, reported on the post-Pleistocene population differentiation. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 181–182, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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