Ambystoma barbouri Kraus and Petranka, 1989

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma barbouri

Ambystoma barbouri Kraus and Petranka, 1989, Copeia, 1989: 95. Holotype: UMMZ 182844, by original designation. Type locality: "in a first order tributary of Harris Creek which flows parallel to U.S. Hwy. 27, 4.6 km S of the Licking River, Pendleton Co[unty]., Kentucky" USA.

Ambystoma (Linguaelapsus) barbouriJones, Kluge, and Wolf, 1993, Syst. Biol., 42: 96; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77–161. See comment on this subgenus under Ambystoma

English Names

Streamside Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 18; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 13; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 23; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 31; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 22).


North-central Kentucky, southwestern Ohio, and southeastern Indiana; isolated populations in westernmost West Virginia, in Livingston County, Kentucky, and in north-central Tennessee, USA.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Indiana, United States of America - Kentucky, United States of America - Ohio, United States of America - Tennessee, United States of America - West Virginia

Endemic: United States of America


See detailed accounts by Kraus, 1996, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 621: 1–4, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 40–46, and Watson and Pauley, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 603–605. Robertson, Ramsden, Niedzwiecki, Fu, and Bogart, 2006, Mol. Ecol., 15: 3339–3351, implicated Ambystoma barbouri as the maternal ancestor in the non-monophyletic collection of hybrid-origin unisexual Ambystoma populations. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 636. Denton, Kenyon, Greenwald, and Gibbs, 2014, Mol. Ecol., 23: 2811–2824, reported on introgression of this species' mtDNA into Ambystoma texanum. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 113, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 81–82, provided an account of larval morphology. Bogart, 2019, Herpetologica, 75: 259–267, reviewed the hybrid unisexual populations associated with this species. Beer, Kane, Micheletti, Kozakiewicz, and Storfer, 2022, Evol. Appl., 15: 220–236, reported on landscape genetics and environmental change. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 180, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).  

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