Ambystoma bishopi Goin, 1950

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma bishopi

Ambystoma cingulatum bishopi Goin, 1950, Ann. Carnegie Mus., 31: 300. Holotype: CM 29137, by original designation. Type locality: "about five miles north of Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida", USA.

Ambystoma (Linguaelapsus) cingulatum bishopi — Tihen, 1958, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 3: 43. 

Ambystoma bishopiPauly, Piskurek, and Shaffer, 2007, Mol. Ecol., 16: 415.

Linguaelapsus bishopiPauly, Piskurek, and Shaffer, 2007, Mol. Ecol., 16: 415.

Ambystoma (Linguaelapsus) bishopiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 48.

English Names

Reticulated Salamander (Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 17).

Reticulated Flatwoods Salamander (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 173; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 13; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 23; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 31; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 22).


Gulf coastal plain from the Mobile Bay region of southern Alabama, through southwestern Georgia to the Apalachicola River in northern Florida, USA. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Alabama, United States of America - Florida, United States of America - Georgia

Endemic: United States of America


See account by Martof, 1968, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 57: 1–2 (as Ambystoma cingulatum bishopi). Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 50–53, provided an account of Ambystoma cingulatum in the sense of including Ambystoma bishopi as a synonym. Pauly, Piskurek, and Shaffer, 2007, Mol. Ecol., 16: 415–429, provided evidence that Ambystoma cingulatum and Ambystoma bishopi are not conspecific. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 115, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 82–83, provided an account of larval morphology. Wendt, Haas, Gorman, and Roberts, 2021, Conserv. Genetics, 22: 551–567, reported on metapopulation genetics in two breeding populations on Eglin Air Force Base, western Florida, USA. Palis, Gorman, and Pauly, 2022, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 929: 1–21, provided a detailed account and literature review as well as providing a range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 183–184, provided an account summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). See Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 8, for discussion of location of paratypes. 

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