Ambystoma talpoideum (Holbrook, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Ambystomatidae > Genus: Ambystoma > Species: Ambystoma talpoideum

Salamandra talpoidea Holbrook, 1838, N. Am. Herpetol., 3: 117, pl. 29. Type(s): Specimen figured on pl. 29 of the original; not known to still exist. Type locality: "sea islands on the borders of South Carolina", USA.

Ambystoma ? talpoideumGray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 36.

Amblystoma talpoideumCope, 1868 "1867", Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 19: 172.

Ambystoma talpoideumHay, 1892, Annu. Rep. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res. Indiana for 1891: 582.

Ambystoma (Ambystoma) talpoideumTihen, 1958, Bull. Florida State Mus., Biol. Sci., 3: 3, 38; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77–161. See comment under Ambystoma regarding subgenera. 

English Names

Tadpole Salamander (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 20).

Mole Salamander (Jordan, 1878, Man. Vert. North. U.S., Ed. 2: 194; Davis and Rice, 1883, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci., 1: 26; Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 152; Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 151; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 21; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 250; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 18; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 24; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 36; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 23).


East Texas to northern Florida north to southeastern Missouri, extreme southern Illinois and extreme southwestern Indiana, western Kentucky and (in isolated populations) to central Virginia, USA.


See detailed accounts by Shoop, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 8: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 96–102 (who suggested that additional study might document that the Atlantic Coast and Gulf Coast populations were different species), and Trauth, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 632–636. Williams and MacGowan, 2004, Herpetol. Rev., 35: 279, reported a locality in Indiana. Robison and Winters, 1978, Herpetol. Rev., 9: 21, provided an extension in Arkansas Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 104–105, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Huse, 2020, Herpetol. Rev., 51: 767, provided a record from Bowie County, Texas, on the western periphery of the range. Hernandez, 2021, Mertensiella, 30: 36–43, reviewed the species. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 163–165, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map) 

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