Amphiuma pholeter Neill, 1964

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Amphiumidae > Genus: Amphiuma > Species: Amphiuma pholeter

Amphiuma pholeter Neill, 1964, Herpetologica, 20: 62. Holotype: UF 17655 (formerly W.T. Neill US2675), by original designation. Type locality: "4.5 miles NE by E Rosewood, Levy County, Florida", USA.

English Names

One-toed Amphiuma (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 246; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 4; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 5; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 19; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 14; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 10; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 24; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 37; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 23).

One-toed Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 27).


Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain in the southeastern USA, from coastal southeastern Mississippi west of Mobile Bay, Alabama, to Levy and Hernando counties on the upper west coast of peninsular Florida, and in the upper Ochlockonee River basin of southern Georgia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Alabama, United States of America - Florida, United States of America - Georgia, United States of America - Mississippi

Endemic: United States of America


See detailed accounts by Means, 1996, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 622: 1–2, Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 134–135, and Means, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 645–646. Graham, 2008, Herpetol. Rev., 39: 231, provided a new Alabama record and discussed its range in that state. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 636. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 227, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 98–99, provided an account of larval morphology. Brown and Lamb, 2016, Herpetol. Rev., 47: 244, reported a locality in Harrison County, Mississippi, USA, and discussed the range. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 500–501, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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