Batrachoseps wrighti (Bishop, 1937)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Batrachoseps > Species: Batrachoseps wrighti

English Names

Western Four-toed Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 290).

Oregon Slender Salamander (Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 120; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 41; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 45; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 5; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 29; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 6; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 20; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 183; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 11; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 25; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 25).


From the Columbia River Gorge of northwestern Oregon (east of Portland) southward along the slopes of the Cascade Mountains to Lane County, sea level to about 1430 m elevation, USA.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Oregon

Endemic: United States of America, United States of America - Oregon


See accounts by Brame, 1964, Bull. S. California Acad. Sci., 63: 165–170, Kirk, 1991, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 506: 1–3, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada 234–235. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 183–184, and Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 253–254, provided a brief account, figure, and map. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 555. Kirk and Forbes, 1991, Herpetol. Rev., 22: 22–23, provided a number of records in Oregon from the east slope of the Cascades. Hansen and Wake, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 695–696, provided an account containing a detailed summary of the literature and range. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 572–573, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 54, briefly discussed current location of paratypes of Plethopsis wrighti

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