Bolitoglossa schizodactyla Wake and Brame, 1966

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa schizodactyla

Bolitoglossa schizodactyla Wake and Brame, 1966, Fieldiana, Zool., 51: 1. Holotype: FMNH 141241, by original designation. Type locality: "El Valle de Anton, 560 meters (1,837 feet), Provincia de Cocle, Panama".

Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) schizodactylaParra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336.

English Names

Cocle Mushroomtongue Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).


Humid lowlands and premontane slopes of the Atlantic slope from southeastern Costa Rica (780 m) to central Panama (1–750 m); also from the Pacific slope at El Valle de Antón, Coclé Province, and La Campana, Panama Province, Panama (300–850 m).


In the Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) schizodactyla group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; formerly in the Bolitoglossa lignicolor group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1-65. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 137. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 40–69, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 325, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Lotzkat, Wehrenberg, Haas, and Köhler, 2021, Check List, 17: 1541–1556, reported the species from  the upper drainage of Río Guázaro, Parque Nacional Santa Fé, Veraguas, Panama.  

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