Bolitoglossa sima (Vaillant, 1911)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Bolitoglossa > Species: Bolitoglossa sima

English Names

Northwestern Mushroomtongue Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 30).

Mottled Ecuador Mushroomtongue Salamander (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 741). 


Northwestern lowlands of Ecuador and coastal plain of Valle de Cauca, Colombia, below 1000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Colombia, Ecuador


In the Bolitoglossa (Eladinea) adspersa group of Parra-Olea, García-París, and Wake, 2004, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 81: 336; formerly in the Bolitoglossa sima group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 1-65. Removed from the synonymy of Bolitoglossa altamazonica, by Brame and Wake, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 69: 20; Wake and Brame, 1963, Copeia, 1963: 386, where it had been placed by Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 396. Crump, 1978 "1977", Herpetologica, 33: 415-426, discussed diagnostic features and habitat preference. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 565. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 341, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 741, provided an account summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).

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