Eurycea cirrigera (Green, 1831)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea cirrigera

Salamandra cirrigera Green, 1831, J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 253. Syntypes: 4 specimens, deposition not stated, although it is reasonable to assume that they were originally in ANSP; Cope, 1889, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 34: 165, 168, stated that USNM 4734 (2 specimens) from "Southern States (La.?)", are Green's types. Now apparently lost according to Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 307. Type locality: "near New Orleans", Louisiana, USA.

Spelerpes cirrigeraBaird, 1850 "1849", J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 1: 287.

Spelerpes cirrigerusStrauch, 1870, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, Ser. 7, 16 (4): 82.

Spelerpes bilineatus cirrigeraSmith, 1877, Tailed Amph.: 84.

Eurycea bislineata cirrigeraDunn, 1920, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 33: 135.

Eurycea cirrigeraJacobs, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 437.

Eurycea (Eurycea) cirrigeraRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 185; Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 131.

Eurycea (Manculus) cirrigeraDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Southern Two-lined Salamander (Eurycea cirrigera: Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 408; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 53; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7 Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 22; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 17; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 54; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 27).

Southeastern Two-lined Salamander (Eurycea bislineata cirrigera: Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 49).


Eastern Illinois to southeastern Ohio and the coastalplain of eastern Virginia, thence south, east of the Mississippi River, to southeastern Lousiana and to the Gulf Coast of Mississippi, Alabama, and northern Florida, USA.


Reviewed by Sever, 1999, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 684: 1–6. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 241–242, provided an accounts (as a subspecies of Eurycea bislineata). Camp, Marshall, Landau, Austin, and Tilley, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 572–578, reported sympatry of Eurycea cirrigera with Eurycea wilderae. Jacobs, 1987, Herpetologica, 43: 423–446, discussed phylogenetic relationships. See comment under Eurycea aquatica. Pauley and Watson, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 740–743, provided a detailed account that summarized the literature. Kozak, Blaine, and Larson, 2006, Mol. Ecol., 15: 191–207, presented mtDNA evidence of multiple species existing under this name. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 185–186, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 466–482, suggested that there are at least 2 lineages under this name, one most closely related to Eurycea wilderae and another most closely related to Eurycea bislineataAltig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 108–109, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Stuart, Beamer, Farrington, Beane, Chek, Pusser, Som, Stephan, Sever, and Braswell, 2020, Herpetologica, 76: 423–444, suggested on molecular grounds that this nominal species is composed of several unnamed lineages, some not particularly closely related. 

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