Eurycea guttolineata (Holbrook, 1838)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea guttolineata

Salamandra gutto-lineata Holbrook, 1838, N. Am. Herpetol., 2: 61. Syntypes: Based in part on specimen figured on pl. 12 of the original publication; syntypes include ANSP 716–717, according to Fowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 21; Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 348. Type locality: "observed in Carolina . . . in the middle country; . . . [also] specimens from Greenville, near the mountains", USA; restricted to "Greenville, [Greenville County,] "South Carolina, USA by Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 327; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 53.

Spelerpes guttolineataBaird, 1850 "1849", J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 1: 287.

Cylindrosoma guttolineatumDuméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 80.

Spelerpes gutto-lineataHallowell, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 8: 11.

Spelerpes guttolineatusCope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 107.

Geotriton guttolineataGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 39.

Eurycea guttolineataStejneger and Barbour, 1917, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept.: 19; Carlin, 1997, Herpetologica, 53: 206–217.

Eurycea longicauda guttolineataBailey, 1937, Occas. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Michigan, 364: 8.

Eurycea (Eurycea) guttolineataRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 187; Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77–161.

English Names

Holbrook's Triton (Yarrow, 1882, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 24: 22; Rhoads, 1895, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 47: 405; Brimley, 1907, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 23: 151).

Three-lined Salamander (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 425; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 53; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 291; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 22; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 17; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 55; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 27).

Southern Long-tailed Salamander (Eurycea longicauda guttolineata: Carr, 1940, Univ. Florida Biol. Sci. Ser., 3: 49).


Southeastern USA; in the Mississippi Embayment from eastern Louisiana to extreme western Kentucky and western Tennessee; throughout most of Mississippi and Alabma, the panhandle of Florida and northward through Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, to the eastern half of Virginia


Reviewed by Ireland, 1979, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 221: 1–4, as Eurycea longicauda guttolineata, who noted that some authors (e.g., Martof, Palmer, Bailey, and Harrison, 1980, Amph. Rept. Carolinas Virginia: 76) thought that Eurycea longicauda guttolineata may be a distinct species. Considered a distinct species by Carlin, 1997, Herpetologica, 53: 206–217. Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 249–251, provided a detailed account. Ryan and Douthitt, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 743–745, provided a detailed account that summarized the literature. Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 473, recovered this species to be the sister taxon of Eurycea longicauda longicauda (see comment under that species). Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 249, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 111–112, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

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