Eurycea sosorum Chippindale, Price, and Hillis, 1993

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Eurycea > Species: Eurycea sosorum

Eurycea sosorum Chippindale, Price, and Hillis, 1993, Herpetologica, 49: 249. Holotype: TNHC 51184, by original designation. Type locality: "outflow of Parthenia (Main) Springs in Barton Springs Pool, Zilker Park, Travis Co[unty]., Texas (30° 15′ 49″ N, 97° 46′ 14″ W)".

Eurycea (Paedomolge, Notiomolge, Blepsimolge) sosorumHillis, Chamberlain, Wilcox, and Chippindale, 2001, Herpetologica, 57: 275. See comment under Eurycea

Eurycea (Blepsimolge) sosorumRaffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 179; Devitt, Wright, Cannatella, and Hillis, 2019, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116: 2624–2633.

Eurycea (Notiomolge) sosorumDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 144.

Eurycea (Typhlomolge) sosorumFouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 145. 

English Names

Barton Springs Salamander (Chippindale, Price, and Hillis, 1993, Herpetologica, 49: 249; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 23; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 18; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 12; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 27; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 61; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).

Distribution

Known from the type locality (Barton Springs Pool, Austin, Travis County) and west-southwest at several sites to central Hays County, Texas, USA; an unnamed associate (see comment) found in the eastern Pedernales basin, in Blanco and extreme western Travis County, Texas, USA. 

Comment

See acount by Chippindale, Price, Wiens, and Hillis, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 1–80. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 239, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Chippindale and Hansen, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 762–764, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 574. See Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 473, for a molecular tree placing this species phylogenetically. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 117, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Devitt and Nissen, 2018, Check List, 14: 297–301, provided a number of new localities and provided a range map. Devitt, Wright, Cannatella, and Hillis, 2019, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116: 2624–2633, reported on the phylogenetic relationships and aquifer loyalty of this species and who noted an unnamed associate from the Pedernales sub-basin in Blanco and extreme western Travis Counties, Texas, USA. 

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