Gyrinophilus gulolineatus Brandon, 1965

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Gyrinophilus > Species: Gyrinophilus gulolineatus

Gyrinophilus palleucus gulolineatus Brandon, 1965, Copeia, 1965: 347. Holotype: FMNH 142327, by original designation. Type locality: "Berry Cave, Roane County, Tennessee", USA.

Gyrinophilus gulolineatusBrandon, Jacobs, Wynn, and Sever, 1986, J. Tennessee Acad. Sci., 61: 2, by implication; Collins, 1991, Herpetol. Rev., 22: 43.

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus gulolineatus — Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 119. See comment under Gyrinophilus porphyriticus and below.  

English Names

Berry Cave Salamander (Conant, 1975, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. Cent. N. Am., Ed. 2: 285; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 6; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Powell, Conant, and Collins, 2016, Field Guide Rept. Amph. E. North Am., 4th ed.: 67; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 28).


Aquatic cave habitats in the Tennessee River Valley of Roane, Knox, and McMinn counties, Tennessee, USA.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: United States of America, United States of America - Tennessee

Endemic: United States of America, United States of America - Tennessee


See account by Brandon, 1967, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 31: 1–2, as Gyrinophilus palleucus gulolineatus. Subspecies status continued by Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 280, without discussion, presumably on the basis of overall similarity. Beachy, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 774–775, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 575. See detailed account by Niemiller and Miller, 2010, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 862: 1–4. Niemiller, Fitzpatrick, and Miller, 2008, Mol. Ecol., 17: 2258–2275, reported on genic variation. Fouquette and Dubois, 2014, Checklist N.A. Amph. Rept.: 119, considered Gyrinophilus gulolineatus to be part of Gyrinophilus porphyriticus for reason of (apparently) misinterpretation of a tree shown by Bonett, Steffen, Lambert, Wiens, and Chippindale, 2014 "2013", Evolution, 68: 472. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 236, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 120, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. Niemiller, Carter, Gladstone, Niemiller, Hayter, Engel, Miller, and Fitzpatrick, 2021, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 16: 686–703, discussed distribution, ecology, life history, and conservation status. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 523, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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