Hemidactylium Tschudi, 1838

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Hemidactylium
1 species

Hemidactylium Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 59, 94. Type species: Salamandra scutata Temminck and Schlegel, 1838, by monotypy. Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1873, Anonymous, 1997, Bull. Zool. Nomencl., 54: 140-141.

Cotobotes Gistel, 1848, Naturgesch. Thierr.: xi. Substitute name for Hemidactylium Tschudi, 1838.

Desmodactylus Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 117. Substitute name for Hemidactylium Tschudi, 1838.

DermodactylusDavid, 1872 "1871", Nouv. Arch. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, 7: 95. Incorrect subsequent spelling of Desmodactylus.

English Names

Four-toed Salamanders (Jordan, 1878, Man. Vert. North. U.S., Ed. 2: 193; Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 174; Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 7; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 31; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 7; Crother, Boundy, Campbell, de Queiroz, Frost, Highton, Iverson, Meylan, Reeder, Seidel, Sites, Taggart, Tilley, and Wake, 2001 "2000", Herpetol. Circ., 29: 24; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 19; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 13; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 28; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 29).


Fairly continuous from extreme southern Maine (USA), extreme southern Quebec (Canada), extreme southern Ontario (Canada), and northern Wisconsin (USA), southward to the Fall Line in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee (USA); presumably disjunct populations occur in Nova Scotia (Canada), Mississippi, Arkansas and Oklahoma, Louisiana, Georgia, and northern Florida (USA).


See accounts by Neill, 1963, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 1: 1, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 290–295. In the tribe Hemidactyliini of Vieites, Nieto-Roman, Wake, and Wake, 2011, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 59: 633. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 122, provided an account of larval morphology and biology.

Contained taxa (1 sp.):

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