Oedipina alfaroi Dunn, 1921

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Oedipina > Species: Oedipina alfaroi

Oedipina alfaroi Dunn, 1921, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 34: 144. Holotype: MCZ 6938, by original designation. Type locality: "Zent, [Cantón de Matina, Limón Province,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 112, commented on the type locality.

Oedipus alfaroiDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Oedipina alfaroiTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 226.

Oedipina (Oedipina) alfaroiGarcía-París and Wake, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 60.

English Names

Limon Worm Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).


Caribbean drainage of Limón Province, Costa Rica, and Bocas del Toro Province, northwestern Panama, 19–850 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Panama


See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 150–151. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 579. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 82–90, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 381, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 871, provided an account summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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