Oedipina altura Brame, 1968

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Oedipina > Species: Oedipina altura

Oedipina altura Brame, 1968, J. Herpetol., 2: 28. Holotype: LACM 1739, by original designation. Type locality: "200 yards north of El Empalme, on the Pan American Highway south of Cartago in the northern end of the Cordillera de Talamanca, Canton de Dota [in error, Cantón de El Guarco], Provincia de Cartago, Costa Rica, at 2286 m (7500 ft) elevation". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 90, commented on the type locality.

Oedipina (Oedipina) alturaGarcía-París and Wake, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 60. 

English Names

Cartago Worm Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).


Humid lower montane area near Empalme, in the extreme northern Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica, 2286–2320 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica

Endemic: Costa Rica


See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 151. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 579. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 82–90, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 378, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 863–864, provided an account summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).

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