Oedipina collaris (Stejneger, 1907)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Oedipina > Species: Oedipina collaris

Spelerpes collaris Stejneger, 1907, Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 32: 465. Holotype: USNM 37350, by original designation. Type locality: "Topaz mine, '90 miles NW. of Bluefields, and 50 miles back in direct line from the coast;' elevation 400 feet", Nicaragua.

Oedipus collarisDunn, 1924, Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser., 12: 99.

Oedipina collarisTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 226.

Oedipina serpens Taylor, 1949, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 286. Holotype: KU 23815, by original designation. Type locality: "Morehead Finca [= Morehouse Finca], 5 miles southwest of Turrialba, [Cantón de Turrialba, Provincia de Cartago,] Costa Rica". Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 98, commented on the type locality. Synonymy by Brame, 1963, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 65: 3.

Oedipina (Oedipina) collarisGarcía-París and Wake, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 60.

English Names

Collared Worm Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).


Caribbean drainage of central-eastern Nicaragua, Costa Rica, to central Panama, 100 to 740 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama


See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 151–152. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 82–90, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 380, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 865–866, provided an account summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.