Oedipina grandis Brame and Duellman, 1970

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Oedipina > Species: Oedipina grandis

Oedipina grandis Brame and Duellman, 1970, Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 201: 1. Holotype: KU 116676, by original designation. Type locality: "northern slopes of Cerro Pando, between 1810 and 1930 meters elevation (5937-6330 feet), Provincia de Bocas del Toro, extreme western Panamá near the border with Costa Rica".

Oedipina (Oedipina) grandisGarcía-París and Wake, 2000, Copeia, 2000: 60.

English Names

Cerro Pando Worm Salamander (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32).


Humid lower montane areas of the Cordillera de Talamanca in extreme southern Costa Rica and immediately adjacent western Panama, 1810–1950 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Panama


See Lips, 1993, Herpetol. Rev., 24: 107, for Costa Rica record. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 153–154. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 580. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 82–90, compared this species with others from Central America and provided a map and photograph. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 379–380, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 865, provided an account summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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