Pseudoeurycea lineola (Cope, 1865)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Pseudoeurycea > Species: Pseudoeurycea lineola

Spelerpes lineolus Cope, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 17: 197. Holotype: Not designated; ANSP 735, according to Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 423, Malnate, 1971, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 123: 348, and Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 59. Type locality: "Table Land, Mexico"; probably eastern central Veracruz, Mexico, according to Smith and Taylor, 1948, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 194: 21. Restricted to "Metlac", Veracruz, Mexico by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 349.

Opheobatrachus lineolusCope, 1869, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 21: 101.

Spelerpes (Oedipus) infuscatus Peters, 1879, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1879: 778. Holotype: ZMB 6556 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 40. Type locality: "Hayti [= Haiti]; in error according to Dunn, 1923, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 8: 39-40, who also made the synonymy (but see Wake, 1993, Herpetologica, 49: 229-237). Type locality restricted to "Metlac", Veracruz, Mexico by Smith and Taylor, 1950, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 33: 349.

Geotriton lineolusGarman, 1884, Bull. Essex Inst., 16: 39.

Oedipina lineolusCope, 1887, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 32: 8.

Oedipina lineolaCope, 1896, Am. Nat., 30: 1022.

Oedipus lineolusFowler and Dunn, 1917, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 69: 21. Dunn, 1926, Salamanders Fam. Plethodontidae: 422.

Lineatriton lineolaTanner, 1950, Great Basin Nat., 10: 39.

Lineatriton lineolusBrodie, Mendelson, and Campbell, 2002, Herpetologica, 58: 194.

Pseudoeurycea lineolaFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 359.

Pseudoeurycea (Pseudoeurycea) lineolaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Veracruz Worm Salamander (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 12; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 32; Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 33).

Mexican Slender Salamander (Tanner and Dundee, 2000, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 705: 1–4).


Known only from a small area of pine-oak forest in the Sierra Madre Oriental of Veracruz, Mexico, in the vicinity of Cuautlapan, nearby Barranca Metlac, and Xalapa, 200–1350 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


Reviewed by Tanner and Dundee, 2000, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 705: 1–5 (as Lineatriton lineolus prior to the naming of Lineatriton orchimelas and Lineatriton orchileucos). Parra-Olea and Wake, 2001, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 98: 7888–7891, suggested on the basis of molecular evidence that "Lineatriton" lineolus is composed of at least two species, one more closely related to Pseudoeurycea werleri and Pseudoeurycea mystax and another, most closely related to Pseudoeurycea leprosa. See comment under Pseudoeurycea. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status (as Lineatriton lineolus) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 577. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 270–271, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. See account by Cázares-Hernández, Molohua Tzitzihua, Méndez Quiahua, Quiahua Colotl, Temoxtle Marquez, Rodriguez Merino, and Apale Pacheco, 2018, Tlaconetes: 1–92, for photos, habitat, life history, and conservation status. Sandoval-Comte, Vázquez-Corzas, and Pineda-Arredondo, 2022, Rev. Latinoam. Herpetol., 5: 105–108, verified the occurrence in the municipality of Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, and described habitat. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 606–607, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map and specific localities).  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.