Pseudoeurycea melanomolga (Taylor, 1941)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Plethodontidae > Subfamily: Hemidactyliinae > Genus: Pseudoeurycea > Species: Pseudoeurycea melanomolga

Bolitoglossa melanomolga Taylor, 1941, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 54: 81. Holotype: EHT-HMS 24626, by original designation; now UIMNH 25041 according to Brame and Gorham, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 297. Type locality: "about 20 km. north of San Antonio Limón (Totalco), Veracruz", Mexico.

Pseudoeurycea melanomolgaTaylor, 1944, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 30: 209.

Pseudoeurycea (Pseudoeurycea) melanomolgaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2012, Alytes, 28: 77-161.

English Names

Black False Brook Salamander (Liner, 1994, Herpetol. Circ., 23: 14; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 33).

Black Salamander (Liner and Casas-Andreu, 2008, Herpetol. Circ., 38: 33).

Yellow-spotted False Brook Salamander (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 619).


Upper slopes (pine forest to bunch grass habitats) of the Cofre de Perote and nearby mountains in Veracruz, to Teziutlán, Puebla, Mexico, 2400–4000 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Mexico

Endemic: Mexico


In the Pseudoeurycea gadovii group of Wake and Lynch, 1976, Sci. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 25: 61 Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 279, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 589. Solano-Zavaleta, García-Vázquez, and Mendoza-Hernández, 2009, Rev. Mexicana Biodiversidad, 80: 575–577, provided the Puebla record. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 619–620, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). Tighe, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 654: 22, noted the current location of paratypes. 

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