Euproctus Gené, 1839

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Euproctus
2 species

Euproctus Gené, 1839, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 1: 281. Type species: Euproctus rusconii Gené, 1838 (= Molge platycephala Gravenhorst, 1829), by monotypy.

Megapterna Savi, 1838, Nuovo Giorn. Lett., Pisa, 37: 211. Type species: Megapterna montana Savi, 1838 (= Euproctus montanus) by monotypy. Tentative synonymy by Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 24. Synonymy by Bonaparte, 1840, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 2: 405; Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 157.

Phatnomatorhina Bibron In Bonaparte, 1839, Iconograph. Fauna Ital., 2 (Fasc. 26): sign. 131. Type species: Molge platycephala Gravenhorst, 1829, by monotypy. Synonymy by Duméril, Bibron, and Duméril, 1854, Erp. Gen., 9: 157.

Pelonectes Fitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 33. Type species: Molge platycephala Gravenhorst, 1829 by monotypy. Synonymy by Gray, 1850, Cat. Spec. Amph. Coll. Brit. Mus., Batr. Grad.: 24.

Bulga Gistel, 1868, Die Lurche Europas: 159. Type species: Euproctus rusconii Gene, by monotypy. Synonymy with Euproctus by Mertens, 1936, Senckenb. Biol., 18: 76.

EuproctusBoulenger, 1878, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 3: 308. Treated of Euproctus as a subgenus of Triturus.

English Names

European Mountain Salamanders (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 35).


Islands of Sardinia (Italy) and Corsica (France).


Caccone, Milinkovitch, Sbordoni, and Powell, 1997, Syst. Biol., 46: 126-144, reported on mitochondrial evolution in and biogeography of Euproctus. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 347-365, provided accounts. Steinfartz, Hwang, Tautz, Öz, and Veith, 2002, Amphibia-Reptilia, 23: 419-431, suggested the possibility of Euproctus (in the sense of including Calotriton) is para- or polyphyly, with Neurergus and the Triturus cristatus group being derived from within it. Carranza and Amat, 2005, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 145: 555, removed Calotriton from the synonymy and placed Euproctus as the sister taxon of Lissotriton. Razzetti, Andreone, Corti, and Sindaco, 2006, in Sindaco et al. (ed.), Atlas Ital. Amph. Rept.: 160, suggested that the date of publication of Euproctus Gené, was actually 1839, not 1838 (although this is not immediately evident upon examination of the original—DRF), rendering Euproctus Gené a junior synonym of Megapterna Savi. Nevertheless, these authors note that Megapterna Savi is a nomen oblitum under Articles 23.9.1 and 23.9.2, according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999). Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 207–212, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species.

Contained taxa (2 sp.):

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