Lissotriton boscai (Lataste, 1879)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton boscai

Pelonectes boscai Lataste In Tourneville, 1879, Bull. Soc. Zool. France, 4: 72. Syntypes: MNHNP 5840 (4 specimens) (according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 8; Thireau, 1986, Cat. Types Urodeles Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Rev. Crit.: 20, rejected MNHNP 5840 as having type status), BMNH 1946.9.6.21–22 (formerly 1920.1.20.613–2 specimens, by museum records) according to Brame, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 90), IRSNB 1.003 (according to Lang, 1990, Doc. Trav., Inst. R. Sci. Nat. Belg., 59: 13), MZUT An300, according to Bauer, Good, and Günther, 1993, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 69: 301. Type locality: "Caracollera (province de Ciudad-Real, Espagne)". Synonymy (with Triton palmatus, now Lissotriton helveticus) by Boettger, 1879, Z. Ges. Naturwiss., Berlin, 52: 516. See comment. 

Triton palmatus var. boscaiBoettger, 1879, Z. Ges. Naturwiss., Berlin, 52: 516.

Molge boscaeBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 18. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Triton boscaeCamerano, 1885, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino, Ser. 2, 36: 419; Schreiber, 1912, Herpetol. Eur., Ed. 2: 62.

Triton boscaiSchulze, 1891, Jahresber. Abhandl. Naturwiss. Ver. Magdeburg, 1890: 170; Wolterstorff, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 190; Wolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 288.

Triton (Triton) boscaeWolterstorff, 1901, Feuille Jeunes Nat., Ser. 4, 31: 76.

Triton (Triton) boscaiWolterstorff, 1902, Triton der Untergattung Euproctus: 43.

Triturus boscaiDunn, 1918, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 62: 451.

Triton (Palaeotriton) boscaiBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Triturus (Palaeotriton) boscaiThorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 191; MacGregor, Sessions, and Arntzen, 1990, J. Evol. Biol., 3: 329.

Lissotriton boscaiGarcía-París, Montori, and Herrero, 2004, Fauna Iberica, 24: 233; García-París, Monton, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2004, in García-París et al. (eds.), Fauna Iberica, 24: 589–602: 593.

Lophinus boscaiLitvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317, by implication.

Lissotriton (Meinus) boscaiDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

Bosca's Newt (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 47; Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 39; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 51; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 33; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 64; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 48).


Western Iberian Peninsula including Portugal, and western to central Spain.


See account by Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 272–275. See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Caetano, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 74–75. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 114–119, provided an account. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 48–49, provided a brief account, figure, and map, as did Obst IN Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 90–91. Díaz-Paniagua, 1997, in Pleguezuelos (ed.), Dist. Biogeogr. Anf. Rep. Esp. Portugal: 117–119, provided a brief account, photograph, and detailed map for Iberia. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 196–199, provided a brief account and polygon map. Herrero, 1991, Genet. Select. Evol., 23: 263–272, reported two mutually incompatible karyotypes in this nominal species, one from the Sierra de Gredos (central Spain) and the other from the remaining parts of the range, suggesting that more than one species exists under this binominal (Speybroeck and Crochet, 2007, Podarcis, 8: 9). See account by Caetano, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIA): 727–750. Martínez-Solano, Teixeira, Buckley, and García-París, 2006, Mol. Ecol., 15: 3375–3388, reported on mitochondrial phylogeography. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 118, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 221–223, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species.  Teixeira, Martínez-Solano, Buckley, Tarroso, García-París, and Ferrand de Almeida, 2015, Contrib. Zool., Amsterdam, 84: 193–215, reported on molecular phylogeography and provided a detailed range map. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 90–91, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 129, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. On the basis of the mtDNA tree of Martínez-Solano, Teixeira, Buckley, and García-París, 2006, Mol. Ecol., 15: 3375–3388, this taxon was removed from the synonymy of Lissotriton boscai by Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 38, where it had been placed by Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 18.  Speybroeck, Beukema, and Crochet, 2010, Zootaxa, 2492: 3, were hesitant to recognize Lissotriton maltzani distinct from Lissotriton boscai pending further study of possible transition zones. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 118, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sequeira, Bessa-Silva, Tarroso, Sousa-Neves, Vallinoto, Gonçalves, and Martínez-Solano, 2020 "2019", Evol. Biol., 33: 202–216, reported on the narrow hybrid zone of nominal Lissotriton maltzani and Lissotriton boscai but retained them as conspecific. See Speybroeck, Beukema, Dufresnes, Fritz, Jablonski, Lymberakis, Martínez-Solano, Razzetti, Vamberger, Vences, Vörös, and Crochet, 2020, Amphibia-Reptilia, 41: 144–145, for taxonomic comments suggesting the distinctiveness of Triturus maltzani from Triturus boscai

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