Lissotriton italicus (Peracca, 1898)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton italicus

Molge italica Peracca, 1898, Boll. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. Univ. Torino, 13 (317): 1. Syntypes: BMNH 1946.9.5.93–99 (formerly 1898.5.12.15–18), 1946.9.6.1–7, 1898.3.28.9–10, and 1898.5.12.4–13 (according to museum records), NHMW 22877.1–2 and 22878.1–7 (according to Häupl and Tiedemann, 1978, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 2: 11, Häupl, Tiedemann, and Grillitsch, 1994, Kat. Wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 9: 14, and Gemel, Gassner, and Schweiger, 2019, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, Ser. B, 121: 41), MZUF 655–56, MZUT 589 (36 specimens), 590 (43 specimens), 583 (111 specimens). MZUT An 590.1 designated lectotype by Gavetti and Andreone, 1993, Cat. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat., Torino, 10: 127. Type locality: "Potenza" and "Potenza di Basilicata", southern Italy. Lectotype from Basilicata, Potenza, 822 m elevation, Italy.

Triton italicusWolterstorff, 1912, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 23: 190.

Molge italica molisana Altobello, 1926, Annu. Ist. Tecnico L. Pilla, Campobasso, 1925–1926: 26. Type(s): Not known and presumed lost by Lanza, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., 11: 115. Type locality: XXX; restricted to Molise, Italy, by Mertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 33. Considered to be a name based on a mixed sample of Triturus vulgaris meridionalis and Triturus italicus by Lanza, 1977, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., 11: 115, who regarded Molge italica molisana to appropriately rest in the synonymy of both species.

Triton (Palaeotriton) italicusBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259.

Triturus italicusMertens and Müller, 1928, Abh. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., 41: 12; Mancino, 1968, Rend. Accad. Naz. Lincei, Rend. Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat., 44: 697..

Triturus (Palaeotriton) italicusBolkay, 1928, Z. Anat. Entwicklungesch., 86: 259–319; Thorn, 1968, Salamand. Eur. Asie Afr. Nord: 191.

Triturus vulgaris italicusMertens and Wermuth, 1960, Amph. Rept. Europas: 33.

Triturus italicusHellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 48.

Triturus (Palaeotriton) italicusMacGregor, Sessions, and Arntzen, 1990, J. Evol. Biol., 3: 329.

Lissotriton italicusGarcía-París, Montori, and Herrero, 2004, Fauna Iberica, 24: 50, by implication.

Lophinus italicusLitvinchuk, Zuiderwijk, Borkin, and Rosanov, 2005, Amphibia-Reptilia, 26: 317, by implication.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (italicus) italicusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (italicus) italicus italicusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

Lissotriton (Lissotriton) (italicus) italicus molisanusDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 66.

English Names

Italian Newt (Bruno, 1973, Natura, Milano, 64: 339; Arnold and Burton, 1978, Field Guide Rept. Amph. Brit. Eur.: 52; Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 34; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 66; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 48).

South Italian Newt (Hellmich, 1962, Rept. Amph. Eur.: 48; Steward, 1969, Tailed Amph. Eur.: 40).


East-central and southern Italy, usually below 800 m but reaches 1500 m elevation in the Pollino Massif and above Lago Remmo.


See genic variation study of Ragghianti and Wake, 1986, Herpetologica, 42: 206–214. Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 262–265, and Sparreboom, 2003, in Grossenbacher and Thiesmeier (eds.), Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., 4(IIA): 707–725, provided accounts (as Triturus italicus). See also discussion of relevant literature and distribution by Sparreboom, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 80–81. Lanza, 1983, Guide Reconoscimento Spec. Animali, Anf. Rett.: 75–76, reported on the Italian populations. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 49–50, provided a brief account, figure, and map, as did Obst in Engelmann, Fritzsche, Günther, and Obst, 1993, Lurche Kriechtiere Eur.: 93–95, and Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 108–109. See detailed account by Scillitani and Tripepi, 2007, in Lanza et al. (eds.), Fauna d'Italia, 42 (Amph.): 239–246. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 199–201, provided a brief account and polygon map. Canestrelli, Sacco, and Nascetti, 2011, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 105: 42–55, reported on molecular phylogeography and Pleistocene refugia. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 126, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 227–229, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 88–89, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 130, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Bernabò and Brunelli, 2019, Eur. Zool. J., 86: 38–53, provided a developmental staging table for the species in Calabria, Italy.  

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