Lissotriton schmidtleri (Raxworthy, 1988)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Lissotriton > Species: Lissotriton schmidtleri

Triturus vulgaris schmidtleri Raxworthy, 1988, J. Zool., London, 215: 754. Holotype: BMNH 1987.1035, by original designation. Type locality: "Karacabey, 40° 12´ N, 28° 22´ E, 50 m altitude", western Anatolia, Turkey.

Triturus vulgaris schmidtlerorum — Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 262. Unjustified emendation.

Lissotriton schmidtleri — Pabijan, Zieliński, Dudek, Stuglik, and Babik, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 116: 1; Wielstra, Canestrelli, Cvijanović, Denoël, Fijarczyk, Jablonski, Liana, Naumov, Olgun, Pabijan, Pezzarossa, Popgeorgiev, Salvi, Si, Sillero, Sotiropoulos, Zieliński, and Babik, 2018, Amphibia-Reptilia, 39: 252. 

English Names

Schmidtler's Smooth Newt (Wielstra, Canestrelli, Cvijanović, Denoël, Fijarczyk, Jablonski, Liana, Naumov, Olgun, Pabijan, Pezzarossa, Popgeorgiev, Salvi, Si, Sillero, Sotiropoulos, Zieliński, and Babik, 2018, Amphibia-Reptilia, 39: 254). 

Turkish Smooth Newt (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 125).

Distribution

Western Asiatic Turkey to far northeastern Greece to central Bulgaria. 

Comment

 Wielstra, Bozkurt, and Olgun, 2015, ZooKeys, 484: 11–23, provided a map of Lissotriton vulgaris schmidtleri in Turkey, suggested that it might be a distinct species, and discussed the species range and allopatry from Lissotriton kosswigi in that country. Range and relationships discussed by Pabijan, Zieliński, Dudek, Stuglik, and Babik, 2017, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 116: 1–12. Wielstra, Canestrelli, Cvijanović, Denoël, Fijarczyk, Jablonski, Liana, Naumov, Olgun, Pabijan, Pezzarossa, Popgeorgiev, Salvi, Si, Sillero, Sotiropoulos, Zieliński, and Babik, 2018, Amphibia-Reptilia, 39: 252–259, reviewed the taxonomic literature of the Lissotriton vulgaris complex and provided a range map. Bozkurt, Tural, Ulutaş, and Olgun, 2016, Russ. J. Herpetol., 23: 158–162, documented two paedomorphic populations in the vicinity of Çanakkale, Turkey. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 125, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. See Speybroeck, Beukema, Dufresnes, Fritz, Jablonski, Lymberakis, Martínez-Solano, Razzetti, Vamberger, Vences, Vörös, and Crochet, 2020, Amphibia-Reptilia, 41: 144, for taxonomic comments suggesting that additional studies are warranted to document the distinction of this taxon from Triturus vulgaris

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