Taricha rivularis (Twitty, 1935)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Taricha > Species: Taricha rivularis

Triturus rivularis Twitty, 1935, Copeia, 1935: 73. Holotype: MVZ 18131, by original designation. Type locality: "Gibson Creek, about one mile west of Ukiah, [Mendocino County,] California", USA.

Taricha rivularisWahlert, 1952, Copeia, 1952: 30; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 27.

Taricha (Twittya) granulosaDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 67.

English Names

Western Red-bellied Newt (Bishop, 1943, Handb. Salamanders: 89; Stebbins, 1951, Amph. W. North Am.: 21; Schmidt, 1953, Check List N. Am. Amph. Rept., Ed. 6: 27)

Red-bellied Newt (Conant, Cagle, Goin, Lowe, Neill, Netting, Schmidt, Shaw, Stebbins, and Bogert, 1956, Copeia, 1956: 175; Stebbins, 1966, Field Guide W. North Am. Rept. Amph.: 39; Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 167;; Tilley, Highton, and Wake, 2012, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 39: 31; Highton, Bonett, and Jockusch, 2017, in Crother (ed.), Herpetol. Circ., 43: 34).

Redbelly Newt (Collins, Huheey, Knight, and Smith, 1978, Herpetol. Circ., 7: 9; Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36; Collins, 1997, Herpetol. Circ., 25: 10; Collins and Taggart, 2009, Standard Common Curr. Sci. Names N. Am. Amph. Turtles Rept. Crocodil., ed. 6: 16).


Northern California (USA) in Sonoma, Mendocino, Humboldt, and Del Norte counties; an isolated population in Santa Clara County. 


See accounts by Twitty, 1964, Cat. Am. Amph. Rept., 9: 1–2, and Petranka, 1998, Salamand. U.S. Canada: 469–473. Stebbins, 2003, Field Guide W. Rept. Amph., Ed. 3: 167–168, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Marks and Doyle, 2005, in Lannoo (ed.), Amph. Declines: 901–904, provided a detailed account that summarized the biology and conservation literature.  Kuchta and Tan, 2006, J. Herpetol., 40: 561–565, discussed limited geographic genic variation across the geographic range. Reilly, Portik, Koo, and Wake, 2014, J. Herpetol., 48: 371–379, discussed an isolated southern population in Santa Clara County, California, USA. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 177–178, provided a brief account, photographs, and range map. Altig and McDiarmid, 2015, Handb. Larval Amph. US and Canada: 136–137, provided an account of larval morphology and biology. 

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