Triturus ivanbureschi Arntzen and Wielstra, 2013

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Triturus > Species: Triturus ivanbureschi

Triton cristatus karelinii forma bureschi Wolterstorff, 1925, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 4: 256. Syntypes: MM, 3 specimens by original designation; destroyed in W.W.II according to Brame and Gorham, 1972, Checklist Living & Fossil Salamand. World (Unpubl. MS): 97. Type locality: "bei Sofia", Bulgaria; given as Pond in Prince Boris Garden, Sofia, Bulgaria, by Scharlinski, 1939, Abh. Ber. Mus. Nat. Heimatkd. Magdeburg, 7: 37. Unavailable tetranominal.

Triton cristatus karelini forma byzanthina Wolterstorff, 1923, Bl. Aquar. Terrarienkd., Stuttgart, 34: 125. Holotype: Not stated, presumably MM and if so, destroyed in W.W.II. Type locality: "Konstantinople, europäische Seite des Bosporus", Turkey. Unavailable tetranominal.

Triturus cristatus karelinii forma rilaica Buresch and Zonkov, 1941, Bull. Inst. R. Hist. Nat. Sophia, 14: 178, 211. Holotype: NZMS (as MSB), by original designation. Type locality: Springs on Rila Mountains, Tscham-Kuria, 1350 meters, Bulgaria. Unavailable tetranominal. Synonymy by Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 382. 

Triturus karelinii arntzeni Litvinchuk, Borkin, Džukić and Kalezić in Litvinchuk, Borkin, Džukić, Kalezić, Khalturin, and Rosanov, 1999, Russ. J. Herpetol., 6: 159. Holotype: ZISP 6121, by original designation. Type locality: "vicinity of the village Vrtovac (43° 25´ N, 22° 28´ E, UTM FP10), altitude 400 m above sea level", Serbia. Synonymy by Wielstra, Litvinchuk, Naumov, Tzankov, and Arntzen, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682 : 443. Consideration as a hybrid population of Triturus macedonicus X Triturus ivanbureschi by Wielstra and Arntzen, 2014, Zootaxa, 3802: 381. 

Triturus (Triturus) karelinii arntzeni — Dubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 67. See comment above. 

Triturus arntzeni — Espregueira Themudo, Wielstra, and Arntzen, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 328. See comment above. 

Triturus ivanbureschi Arntzen and Wielstra in Wielstra, Litvinchuk, Naumov, Tzankov, and Arntzen, 2013, Zootaxa, 3682: 448. Holotype. RMNH.RENA.47200, by original designation. Type locality: "Ostar Kamak, Bulgaria (coordinates: 41.878°N, 25.853°E, elevation: 240 meter)".  

English Names

Buresch's Crested Newt (Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 97). 

Balkan–Anatolian Crest Newt (Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 346). 

Balkan Crested Newt (Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 138). 


South-eastern Balkan Peninsula, covering most of Bulgaria, the eastern parts of Greece, North Macedonia, and Serbia, as well as European and western Asiatic Turkey; an isolated population in Serbia. 


The sister species of Triturus karelini according to the original publication (prior to the naming of Triturus anatolicus), and previously confused with that species. Naumov, 2005, Acta Zool. Bulgarica, 57: 391, provided records for Bulgaria (as Triturus karelini). Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 134–135, provided a brief account, photo, and map. Wielstra, Sillero, Vörös, and Arntzen, 2014, Amphibia-Reptilia, 35: 376-381, provided a dot map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 346–348, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Arntzen, Wielstra, and Wallis, 2014, Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 113: 604–622, reported on hybrid/contact zones with Triturus cristatus, Triturus carnifex, and Triturus macedonicus. Populations from northern Anatolia now referred to Triturus anatolicusSpeybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 97–101, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 138, for brief summary of identifying morphology and biology, a range map, as well as a photograph. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 382–383, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).   

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