Tylototriton himalayanus Khatiwada, Wang, Ghimire, Vasudevan, Paudel, and Jiang, 2015

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Tylototriton > Species: Tylototriton himalayanus

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) himalayanus Khatiwada, Wang, Ghimire, Vasudevan, Paudel, and Jiang, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 251. Holotype NHMTU 17A-0098, by original designation. Type locality: "Mai Pokhari, Illam District, Mechi, eastern Nepal (27° 0′ 25″ N 87° 55′ 48″ E at an elevation of 2110 m)". 

English Names

Himalayan Crocodile Newt (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 319). 


Illam District of Nepal, Darjeeling District of northwestern India, and western Bhutan, 900 to 2679 m elevation.  


Most closely related to Tylototriton shanorum, with which it was formerly confused, according to the original publication. Bernardes, Le, Nguyen, Pham, Pham, Nguyen, Rödder, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2020, ZooKeys, 935: 121–164, implied in their map of species that the Bhutan population may be a distinct species. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the genetics of the Nepal population. In the Tylototriton (Tylototritonverrucosus species group of Poyarkov, Nguyen, and Arkhipov, 2021, Taprobanica, 10: 4–22, who discussed phylogenetics. In the Tylototriton verrucosus group of Lyu, Wang, Zeng, Zhou, Qi, Wan, Li, and Wang, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 697–710, who discussed phylogenetics. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 319–321, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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