Tylototriton himalayanus Khatiwada, Wang, Ghimire, Vasudevan, Paudel, and Jiang, 2015

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Tylototriton > Species: Tylototriton himalayanus

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) himalayanus Khatiwada, Wang, Ghimire, Vasudevan, Paudel, and Jiang, 2015, Asian Herpetol. Res., 6: 251. Holotype NHMTU 17A-0098, by original designation. Type locality: "Mai Pokhari, Illam District, Mechi, eastern Nepal (27° 0′ 25″ N 87° 55′ 48″ E at an elevation of 2110 m)". 

English Names

Himalayan Crocodile Newt (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 319). 


Illam District of Nepal, Darjeeling District of northwestern India, and western Bhutan, 900 to 2679 m elevation.  

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Bhutan, India, Nepal


Most closely related to Tylototriton shanorum, with which it was formerly confused, according to the original publication. Bernardes, Le, Nguyen, Pham, Pham, Nguyen, Rödder, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2020, ZooKeys, 935: 121–164, implied in their map of species that the Bhutan population may be a distinct species. Khatiwada, Wang, Zhao, Xie, and Jiang, 2021, Asian Herpetol. Res., 12: 1–35, discussed the genetics of the Nepal population. In the Tylototriton (Tylototritonverrucosus species group of Poyarkov, Nguyen, and Arkhipov, 2021, Taprobanica, 10: 4–22, who discussed phylogenetics. In the Tylototriton verrucosus group of Lyu, Wang, Zeng, Zhou, Qi, Wan, Li, and Wang, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 697–710, who discussed phylogenetics. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 319–321, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map). 

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