Tylototriton shanorum Nishikawa, Matsui, and Rao, 2014

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Tylototriton > Species: Tylototriton shanorum

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) shanorum Nishikawa, Matsui, and Rao, 2014, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 60: 16. Holotype: CAS 230940, by original designation. Type locality: "Taunggyi Township, Shan State, Myanmar (20° 48′ 28.5″ N, 97°02′ 45.1″ E, 1457 m asl)". 

English Names

Shan Crocodile Newt (Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 7). 

Taunggyi Crocodile Newt (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 316).


Taunggyi, Kalaw, Pindaya, Nyaungshwe, and Pinlaung townships, Shan state, central Myanmar. 


Previously confused with Tylototriton verrucosus, but actually distant from that species according to an ML tree of ND2 in the original publication, where an unnamed Nepal population was also discussed. See comment under Tylototriton himalayanus.  Grismer, Wood, Quah, Thura, Espinoza, Grismer, Murdoch, and Lin, 2018, Zootaxa, 4500: 553–573, discussed in detail the morphology and phylogenetic relations of this species. Bernardes, Le, Nguyen, Pham, Pham, Nguyen, Rödder, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2020, ZooKeys, 935: 121–164, mapped the species. Onishi, Kyaw, Aung, Myint, Thwe, and Nishikawa, 2020, Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc., 64: 47–50, provided new localities and discussed the range. In the Tylototriton (Tylototritonverrucosus species group of Poyarkov, Nguyen, and Arkhipov, 2021, Taprobanica, 10: 4–22, who discussed phylogenetics. In the Tylototriton verrucosus group of Lyu, Wang, Zeng, Zhou, Qi, Wan, Li, and Wang, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 697–710, who discussed phylogenetics. Zug, 2022, Smithson. Contrib. Zool., 653: 7, discussed identification, habitat, and range in Myanmar. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 316–318, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.