Tylototriton taliangensis Liu, 1950

Class: Amphibia > Order: Caudata > Family: Salamandridae > Subfamily: Pleurodelinae > Genus: Tylototriton > Species: Tylototriton taliangensis

Tylototriton taliangensis Liu, 1950, Fieldiana, Zool. Mem., 2: 106. Holotype: FMNH 49388, by original designation. Type locality: "Pusakang, Fulinhsien, Sikang [now Sichuan], 8700 feet altitude", China.

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) taliangensisZhao and Hu, 1984, Stud. Chinese Tailed Amph.: 9; Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 33.

Pleurodeles (Tylototriton) taliangensisRisch, 1985, J. Bengal Nat. Hist. Soc., N.S.,, 4: 141; Dubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 11.

Tylototriton (Tylototriton) taliangensisDubois and Raffaëlli, 2009, Alytes, 26: 68.

Liangshantriton taliangensis — Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 44.

English Names

Pusakang Crocodile Newt (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 36).

Taliang Knobby Newt (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 42).

Daliang Crocodile Newt (Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 322). 


Southeastern Hengduan Mountains in southern Sichuan (Ebian, Hanyuan, Mabian, Meigu, Mianning, Shimian, and Zhaojue counties), China, 1300–3050 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


See accounts by Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China 78; Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 42; and Thorn and Raffaëlli, 2000, Salamand. Ancien Monde: 229-231. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 95, provided a brief account and illustration. See also brief account by Zhao and Yang, 1997, Amph. Rept. Hengduan Mountains Region: 33-34. In the Tylototriton verrucosus group of Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 42 (although they only addressed Chinese species). Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2006, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 1: 277–280, provided an account and range map. Raffaëlli, 2007, Les Urodèles du Monde: 147, provided a brief account (as Tylototriton taliangensis), figure, and map. See statement of geographic range, habitat, and conservation status (as Tylototriton taliangensis) in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 642. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 80, provided a brief account (as Tylototriton taliangensis) including photographs of specimens and habitat. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2012, Colored Atlas Chinese Amph. Distr.: 96, provided an account, photographs, and a map. Raffaëlli, 2013, Urodeles du Monde, 2nd ed.: 185, provided a brief account, photograph, and map. Sparreboom, 2014, Salamanders Old World: 371–372, reviewed the biology, characteristics, distribution, reproduction, and conservation of the species. Fei and Ye, 2016, Amph. China, 1: 295–318–320, provided an account, photograph, and range map. The phylogenetic analysis of Kieren, Sparreboom, Hochkirch, and Veith, 2018, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 121: 98–109, implies that recognition of Liangshantriton may render Tylototriton nonmonophyletic.  Bernardes, Le, Nguyen, Pham, Pham, Nguyen, Rödder, Bonkowski, and Ziegler, 2020, ZooKeys, 935: 121–164, provided a range map and phylogenetic placement. In the Tylototriton (Tylototritontaliangensis species group of Poyarkov, Nguyen, and Arkhipov, 2021, Taprobanica, 10: 4–22, who discussed phylogenetics. In the Tylototriton taliangensis group of Lyu, Wang, Zeng, Zhou, Qi, Wan, Li, and Wang, 2021, Vert. Zool., Senckenberg, 71: 697–710, who discussed phylogenetics. Shu, Hou, Cheng, Shu, Lin, Wang, Li, Song, Jiang, and Xie, 2022, Zool. Res., Kunming, 43: 129–146, discussed (as Liangshantriton taliangensis) molecular phylogeography, historical biogeography, conservation genetics, and conservation recommendations. Raffaëlli, 2022, Salamanders & Newts of the World: 322–323, provided an account, summarizing systematics, life history, population status, and distribution (including a polygon map).  

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