Caecilia tentaculata Linnaeus, 1758

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Caeciliidae > Genus: Caecilia > Species: Caecilia tentaculata

Caecilia tentaculata Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., Ed. 10, 1: 229. Type(s): NHRM (one specimen) according to Andersson, 1899, Bih. K. Svenska Vetensk. Akad. Handl., 24 (IV, art. 6): 6; lost, according to Nussbaum and Hoogmoed, 1979, Zool. Meded., Leiden, 54: 224 but reported as NHRM 162 by museum records. Types may include by indication animals figured by other authors: "Amoenit. Acad. [= Linnaeus, 1749, Amoenitates Acad., 1:] I. P. 489, t. 17. f. 2", "Mus. Ad. Fr. [presumably Linnaeus, 1754, Mus. Adophi Friderici, 1:] I. P. 19 t. 5. f. 2.". Type locality: "America". (See Linnaeus, 1754, Mus. Adophi Friderici, 1 for image of type.)

Caecilia ibiara Daudin, 1803 "An. XI", Hist. Nat. Gen. Part. Rept., 7: 427-429. Substitute name for Caecilia tentaculata.

Caecilia (Caecilia) tentaculataVan der Hoeven, 1833, Handb. Dierkd., 2: 303.

Caecilia lenticulata Tschudi, 1838, Classif. Batr.: 90. Error for Caecilia tentaculata Linnaeus, 1758.

Amphiumophis andicola Werner, 1901, Abh. Ber. Zool. Anthropol. Ethnograph. Mus. Dresden, 9: 14. Holotype: MTKD D1689, destroyed in WWII. Type locality: "Chanchamayo", Peru. Synonymy by Dunn, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 499; provisional synonymy by Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 443.

Caecilia pressula Taylor, 1968, Caecilians of the World: 431. Holotype: AMNH 49475, by original designation. Type locality: "Marudi Mountains, British Guiana [=Guyana]". Synonymy by Wilkinson, 2020, Herpetol. J., 30: 227. 

English Names

Bearded Caecilia (Gray, 1831, in Cuvier, Animal Kingdom (Griffith), 9—Appendix: 110).

White-bellied Caecilian (Wood, 1863, Illust. Nat. Hist., 3: 187).

Linnaeus' Caecilian (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 23).


The greater part of wet-forested South America east of the Andes: Brazil (states of Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Ceará, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, and Pará), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela; expected in Amazonian Bolivia.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela

Likely/Controversially Present: Bolivia


See discussion by Savage and Wake, 2001, Copeia, 2001: 52-64, regarding the dubius application of this name and related systematic issues. De la Riva, Köhler, Lötters, and Reichle, 2000, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 14: 58, and Köhler, 2000, Bonn. Zool. Monogr., 48: 69, consider this species possibly to occur in Bolivia. Lescure and Marty, 2000, Collect. Patrimoines Nat., Paris, 45: 292-293, provided a photo and brief account for French Guiana (who also reported it as present in Panama). Lynch, 2000 "1999", Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Exact. Fis. Nat., 23: 328-329, commented on systematics and distribution. Taylor and Peters, 1974, Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 50: 343, commented on two Ecuadorian specimens. Faria and Mott, 2011, Herpetol. Notes, 4: 53-56, suggested that specimens identified as this species from Mato Grosso, Brazil, represent an unnamed species. Maciel and Hoogmoed, 2011, Zootaxa, 2984: 15-18, provided a detailed account and a spot map, and noted the possible non-diagnosability of Caecilia albiventris, Caecilia guntheri, and Caecilia volcani from this taxon. Bernarde, Machado, and Turci, 2011, Biota Neotrop., 11: 117–144, reported specimens from Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre, Brazil. See account for Suriname population by Ouboter and Jairam, 2012, Amph. Suriname: 322-323. Borges-Nojosa, Castro, Lima, Bezerra, Maciel, and Harris, Salamandra, 53: 429–434, extended the range to Ceará, Brazil, and discussed biogeography. See Barrio-Amorós, Rojas-Runjaic, and Señaris, 2019, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 13 (1: e180): 133, for comments on range and literature. Señaris and Rojas-Runjaic, 2020, in Rull and Carnaval (eds.), Neotrop. Divers. Patterns Process.: 571–632, commented on range and conservation status in the Venezuelan Guayana. See brief account for the Manu region, Peru, by Villacampa-Ortega, Serrano-Rojas, and Whitworth, 2017, Amph. Manu Learning Cent.: 260–261. Wilkinson, 2020, Herpetol. J., 30: 227–229, discussed the taxonomic status of Caecilia pressula and made the synonymy. Crnobrna, Santa-Cruz Farfan, Gallegos, López-Rojas, Llanqui, Panduro Pisco, and Kelsen Arbaiza, 2023, Check List, 19: 449, provided a record from Ucayali Department, central-eastern Peru. 


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