Gegeneophis Peters, 1880

Class: Amphibia > Order: Gymnophiona > Family: Grandisoniidae > Genus: Gegeneophis
12 species

Gegenes Günther, 1876 "1875", Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1875: 577. Type species: Epicrium carnosum Beddome, 1870, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Gegenes Hübner, 1816 (Lepidoptera).

Gegeneophis Peters, 1880 "1879", Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1879: 932. Replacement name for Gegenes Günther, 1875.

GegenophisBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Grad. Batr. Apoda Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 101. Unjustified emendation.

English Names

Forest Caecilians (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 23).


Southern and northeastern India.


Pillai and Ravichandran, 1999, Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Occas. Pap., 172: 81-91, provided keys and accounts for the species. Wilkinson, Sheps, Oommen, and Cohen, 2002, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 23: 401-407, suggested that Gegeneophis (their molecular exemplar being Gegeneophis ramaswamii) is the sister taxon of the monophyletic Seychelles group of caecilians (Grandisonia, Hypogeophis, and Praslinia). Giri, Wilkinson, and Gower, 2003, Zootaxa, 351: 1-10, provided a key to the species of Gegeneophis. Wilkinson and Nussbaum, 2006, In Exbrayat (ed.), Reprod. Biol. Phylog. Gymnophiona: 39-78 [63-64], diagnosed the taxon and implied that monophyly of the taxon remains to be documented. Bhatta, Dinesh, Prashanth, Kulkarni, and Radhakrishnan, 2010, J. Threatened Taxa, 2: 1105-1108, mapped the species of the Western Ghats. See comment under Indotyphlus.

Contained taxa (12 sp.):

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