Rhinella dorbignyi (Duméril and Bibron, 1841)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bufonidae > Genus: Rhinella > Species: Rhinella dorbignyi

Bufo d'Orbignyi Duméril and Bibron, 1841, Erp. Gen., 8: 697. Holotype: MNHNP 4960, according to Guibé, 1950 "1948", Cat. Types Amph. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.: 14. Type locality: "Montévidéo", Uruguay; corrected to "Maldonado", Uruguay, by Gallardo, 1957, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 3: 340-342, this correction disputed by Klappenbach and Langone, 1992, An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, Ser. 2, 8: 173, although Lescure, Bour, Ineich, Ohler, and Ortiz, 2002, C. R. Palevol, Paris, 1: 531, who had access to the specimen and data repeated the type locality as Maldonado. See comments by Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 99.

Chilophryne d'orbignyiFitzinger, 1843, Syst. Rept.: 32.

Bufo orbignyi —Bibron In d'Orbigny and Bibron, 1847, Voy. Am. Merid. 1826–1833, 5(1): 11. Incorrect subsequent spelling.

Bufo d'orbignyiGünther, 1859 "1858", Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus.: 67; Boulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 322.

Phrynoidis d'orbignyiCope, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 15: 49.

Bufo dorbignyiCope, 1885 "1884", Proc. Am. Philos. Soc., 22: 185; Hoogmoed, 1985, In Frost (ed.), Amph. Species World: 43. Mandatory emendation.

Bufo globulosus d'orbignyiParker, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 505–530.

Bufo granulosus d'orbignyiMüller and Hellmich, 1936, Wissenschaft. Ergebn. Deutschen Gran Chaco Exped., Amph. Rept.: 12; Vellard, 1948, Acta Zool. Lilloana, 5: 166–168; Gallardo, 1957, Rev. Mus. Argent. Cienc. Nat. Bernardino Rivadavia, Cienc. Zool., 3: 340–342.

Bufo d'orbignyiCei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 88.

Chaunus dorbignyiFrost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 364; Savage and Bolaños, 2009, Zootaxa, 2005: 4; by implication.

Rhinella dorbignyiChaparro, Pramuk, and Gluesenkamp, 2007, Herpetologica, 63: 211, by implication.

English Names

Dorbigny's [sic] Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 41).


Buenos Aires Province of northeastern Argentina, Uruguay, and southeastern Brazil (eastern Rio Grande do Sul).


In the Bufo granulosus group of Martin, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 56. Elevated from subspecies status under Bufo granulosus by Cei, 1972, in Blair (ed.), Evol. Genus Bufo: 88, and Cei, 1980, Monit. Zool. Ital., N.S., Monogr., 2: 195–196 (who provided an account), where it had been placed by Parker, 1935, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1935: 509. See also account (as Bufo granulosus d'orbignyi) by Cochran, 1955 "1954", Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 206: 25–26. Lavilla and Cei, 2001, Monogr. Mus. Reg. Sci. Nat. Torino, 28: 24, noted the problem of seeming intergradation of this species with Rhinella fernandezae (as Bufo) in Uruguay, although Borteiro, Kolenc, Tedros, and Prigioni, 2006, Zootaxa, 1308: 49–62, noted them as sympatric and distinguishable. Langone, 1995 "1994", Mus. Damaso Antonio Larrañaga, Ser. Divulg. 5: 23–24, and Achaval and Olmos, 2003, Anf. Rept. Uruguay, ed. 2: 11, provided for the Uruguayan population a brief account and photograph. Brusquetti and Lavilla, 2006, Cuad. Herpetol., 20: 24, briefly discussed that previous records of this species for Paraguay are based on misidentifications. Maneyro and Kwet, 2008, Stuttgart. Beit. Naturkd., Ser. A, Neue Ser., 1: 95–121, provided comments on the type locality, range, natural history, and conservation status. Narvaes and Rodrigues, 2009, Arq. Zool., São Paulo, 40: 1–73, revised the Rhinella granulosa group, provided an account for this species, and noted hybridization with Rhinella fernandezae in Buenos Aires, Canelones, Lavalleja, and Salto Provinces, Argentina, as well as the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Guerra, Baldo, Rosset, Borteiro, and Kolenc, 2011, Zootaxa, 3092: 36, reported on the advertisement and release calls, and suggested that Rhinella dorbignyi and Rhinella fernandezae are likely conspecific. Simon, Machado, and Marroig, 2016, Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. B, Biol. Sci., 283 (20161783): 1–10, reported on skull evolution within the Rhinella granulosa group and provided a dot map.  

External links:

Please note: these links will take you to external websites not affiliated with the American Museum of Natural History. We are not responsible for their content.