Alytes muletensis (Sanchíz and Adrover, 1979)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alytidae > Genus: Alytes > Species: Alytes muletensis

Baleaphryne muletensis Sanchíz and Adrover, 1979 "1977", Doñana, Acta Vert., 4: 6. Holotype: "Museo Arqueologica de Deya (Mallorca) (MAD) ... Ilion izquierdo". No registration number given. Type locality: "Cueva Muleta, sector X, nivel 200-300 cm", Mallorca, Spain.

Baleaphryne talaioticus Sanchíz and Alcover, 1982, Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Sec. Geol. 3, 48: 99-105. Holotype: Museu de Menorca (uncatalogued), right humerus [Holocene fossil]. Type locality: "Rafal Rubi, Menorca", Balearic Islands, Spain [Holocene]. Synonymy by Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 114.

Alytes muletensisClarke, 1984, in Alcover (ed.), Hist. Bioògica Ferreret: 45; Maxson and Szymura, 1985 "1984", Amphibia-Reptilia, 5: 248.

Alytes (Baleaphryne) muletensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 12.

Alytes (Alytes) muletensisGarcía-París, Monton, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2004, in García-París et al. (eds.), Fauna Iberica, 24: 594.

English Names

Majorca Midwife Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).

Majorcan Midwife Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 50; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 42; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 67).

Mallorcan Midwife Toad (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 237).


Serra Tramuntana of northern Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain, 10–850 m elevation.


Described as a fossil species from the Middle and Upper Pleistocene and subsequently found to be extant. See Mayol and Alcover, 1981, Amphibia-Reptilia, 1: 343-345, for data on living population. See account by Arntzen and García-París, 1995, Bijdr. Dierkd., 65: 28. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 246-249, provided a brief account and polygon map. Crespo, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 92-93, discussed relevant literature and distribution. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 138-141, provided an account. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 67-68, provided a brief account, figure, and map. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 237. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 60-62, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain and adjacent France. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 125–126, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 33, for brief summary of range, identifying morphology, and biology as well as a photograph.    

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