Alytes muletensis (Sanchíz and Adrover, 1979)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Alytidae > Genus: Alytes > Species: Alytes muletensis

Baleaphryne muletensis Sanchíz and Adrover, 1979 "1977", Doñana, Acta Vert., 4: 6. Holotype: "Museo Arqueologica de Deya (Mallorca) (MAD) ... Ilion izquierdo". No registration number given. Type locality: "Cueva Muleta, sector X, nivel 200–300 cm", Mallorca, Spain.

Baleaphryne talaioticus Sanchíz and Alcover, 1982, Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., Sec. Geol. 3, 48: 99–105. Holotype: Museu de Menorca (uncatalogued), right humerus [Holocene fossil]. Type locality: "Rafal Rubi, Menorca", Balearic Islands, Spain [Holocene]. Synonymy by Sanchíz, 1998, Handb. Palaeoherpetol., 4: 114.

Alytes muletensisClarke, 1984, in Alcover (ed.), Hist. Bioògica Ferreret: 45; Maxson and Szymura, 1985 "1984", Amphibia-Reptilia, 5: 248.

Alytes (Baleaphryne) muletensisDubois, 1987 "1986", Alytes, 5: 12.

Alytes (Alytes) muletensisGarcía-París, Monton, and Alonso-Zarazaga, 2004, in García-París et al. (eds.), Fauna Iberica, 24: 594.

English Names

Majorca Midwife Toad (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 51).

Majorcan Midwife Toad (Ananjeva, Borkin, Darevsky, and Orlov, 1988, Dict. Amph. Rept. Five Languages: 50; Stumpel-Rienks, 1992, Ergänzungsband Handbuch Rept. Amph. Eur., Trivialnamen der Herpetofauna Eur.: 42; Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 67).

Mallorcan Midwife Toad (Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 237).


Serra Tramuntana of northern Majorca, Balearic Islands, Spain, 10–850 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Spain

Endemic: Spain


Described as a fossil species from the Middle and Upper Pleistocene and subsequently found to be extant. See Mayol and Alcover, 1981, Amphibia-Reptilia, 1: 343–345, for data on living population. See account by Arntzen and García-París, 1995, Bijdr. Dierkd., 65: 28. Nöllert and Nöllert, 1992, Die Amph. Eur.: 246–249, provided a brief account and polygon map. Crespo, 1997, in Gasc et al. (eds.), Atlas Amph. Rept. Eur.: 92–93, discussed relevant literature and distribution. Barbadillo-Escrivá, 1987, Guia INCAFO Anf. Rept. Peninsula Iberica: 138–141, provided an account. Arnold, 2002, Rept. Amph. Eur., Ed. 2: 67–68, provided a brief account, figure, and map. Kraaijeveld-Smith, Beebee, Griffiths, Moore, and Schley, 2005, Mol. Ecol., 14: 3307–3315, reported on genetic diversity and gene flow among known populations. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 237. Rivera, Escoriza, Maluquer-Margalef, Arribas, and Carranza, 2011, Amf. Rept. Catalunya: 60–62, provided a brief account for northeastern Spain and adjacent France. Speybroeck, Beukema, Bok, and Van Der Voort, 2016, Field Guide Amph. Rept. Brit. Eur.: 125–126, provided a brief account and distribution map. See Dufresnes, 2019, Amph. Eur., N. Afr., & Middle East: 33, for brief summary of range, identifying morphology, and biology as well as a photograph. Lukas, 2021, Salamandra, 57: 378–388, reported on larval cranial anatomy.    

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