Leptopelis modestus (Werner, 1898)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Arthroleptidae > Subfamily: Leptopelinae > Genus: Leptopelis > Species: Leptopelis modestus

Hylambates rufus var. modesta Werner, 1898, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 197. Syntypes: ZMB 114112 (2 specimens) (Cameroon), 20046 (2 specimens) (South Cameroon), 28708 (Buéa, Cameroon), and MCZ 17621 (on exchange from ZMB, according to Barbour and Loveridge, 1946, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 96: 125); ZMB 28708 designated lectotype by Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 237. Type locality: "Kamerun"; restricted to "Buéa, Cameroun" by lectotype designation.

Hylambates rufus var. ventrimaculata Werner, 1898, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 198. Types: ZMB, by original designation. Type locality: "Kamerun". Synonymy by Ahl, 1929, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1929: 215.

Leptopelis modestusAhl, 1929, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1929: 214.

Leptopelis modestus modestusLaurent, 1973, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 202: 36.

English Names

Modest Forest Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 69).

Plain Tree Frog (Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 205).


Medium and high-altitude forests in southeastern Nigeria and Cameroon; eastern Dem. Rep. Congo; Bioko I. (Equatorial Guinea).

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria


See brief account in Laurent, 1972, Explor. Parc Natl. Virunga, Ser. 2, 22: 46-47. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 269, discussed unnamed species masquerading under this name: one found at high altitudes in Cameroon and on the Obudu Plateau in Nigeria, the other likely represented by the East African population. Channing and Howell, 2006, Amph. E. Afr.: 205-206, provided an account. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 513-521. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 113–114, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 269–271, provided an account and map in the sense of including unnamed and now-named (e.g., Leptopelis mtoewaate, Leptopelis mackayi) species. Barej, Pfalzgraff, Hirschfeld, Liedtke, Penner, Gonwouo, Dahmen, Grözinger, Schmitz, and Rödel, 2015, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 9(2, Spec. Section): 56–84, reported on larval morphology. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 220–221, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230.

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