Leptopelis notatus (Peters, 1875)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Arthroleptidae > Subfamily: Leptopelinae > Genus: Leptopelis > Species: Leptopelis notatus

Hylambates notatus Peters, 1875, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1875: 205. Holotype: ZMB 8471 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 43, who noted that the type is not lost as reported by Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 235-246. Type locality: "Cameruns" = Cameroon. Type locality discussed and corrected to "Douala", Cameroon, by Frétey, Dubois, and Ohler, 2014, Alytes, 30: 11–28. 

Hylambates rufus var. notataWerner, 1898, Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 48: 198.

Hylambates cubito-albus Boulenger, 1906, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 7, 17: 323. Syntypes: BMNH, by original designation, these being BMNH 1906.2.9.24-25 (reregistered 1947.2.19.9-10) and 1906.5.28.139-140 (reregistered 1947.2.10.21-22_, according to museum records. Type locality: "Zima", Kribi, Cameroon, and "Unyoro, east of Lake Albert". Synonymy by Noble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 236; Ahl, 1931, Das Tierreich, 55: 220; Perret, 1958, Rev. Suisse Zool., 65: 259.

Hylambates tessmanni Nieden, 1909, Arch. Naturgesch., 75: 365. Syntypes: ZMB, according to XXX. Type locality: "Makomo, Spanisch Guinea". Synonymy by Perret, 1958, Rev. Suisse Zool., 65: 259; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 236.

Leptopelis notatusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 332; Perret, 1958, Rev. Suisse Zool., 65: 259.

Leptopelis tessmanniNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 234, 245, 332.

Leptopelis (Elaphromantis) notatusLaurent, 1941, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 35: 98.

Leptopelis (Leptopelis) tessmanniLaurent, 1941, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 35: 94.

Leptopelis notatus tessmanniLoveridge, 1942, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 91: 392.

Habrahyla eiselti Goin, 1961, Copeia, 1961: 62. Holotype: NHMW 16454, by original designation. Type locality: "Brazil", in error. Synonymy by Mertens, 1963, Senckenb. Biol., 44: 175-176.

English Names

Common Forest Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 69).

Marked Tree Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 218).


Forests of extreme southeastern Nigeria through Cameroon to central Dem. Rep. Congo and northeastern Angola (see comment); presumably to be found in southwestern Central African Republic.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of the, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria

Likely/Controversially Present: Central African Republic


Discussed and revalidated by Perret, 1958, Rev. Suisse Zool., 65: 259, with synonymy of Hylambates cubitoalbus Boulenger, 1906, as well as Leptopelis tessmanni Nieden, 1909; the latter name having been much used before 1958. Pauwels, Rödel, and Toham, 2003, Hamadryad, 27: 271–273, reported the species in Gabon. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21–34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. Jackson and Blackburn, 2007, Salamandra, 43: 149–164, provided a record for Nouabale-Ndoki National Park, Rep. Congo. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 529–538. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 116–117, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 264, provided an account and map. Jongsma, Tobi, Dixon-MacCallum, Bamba-Kaya, Yoga, Mbega, Mve Beh, Emrich, and Blackburn, 2017, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 11 (1: e144): 8, provided a record for southeastern Gabon and briefly discussed habitat and range. Dewynter, Chirio, Melki, Cordier, and Frétey, 2017, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 11: 17, provided a brief account and photographs of this species from the Mount Koumouna-Bouali area of Gabon. Marques, Ceríaco, Blackburn, and Bauer, 2018, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 65 (Suppl. II): 126, provided a map and brief account for Angola. Larson and Zimkus, 2018, Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 13: 246, reported localities in Gabon. Baptista, Conradie, Vaz Pinto, and Branch, 2019, In Huntley, Russo, Lages, and Ferrand (eds.), Biodiversity in Angola: 253, suggested that the Angola record requires confirmation. Mali, Banda, Chifundera, Badjedjea, Sebe, Lokasola, Ewango, Tungaluna, and Akaibe, 2019, Am. J. Zool., 2: 38–43, reported the species from the Okapi Wildlife Reserve, northeastern Dem. Rep. Congo. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 14, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided photographs (p. 49). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 218–219, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Kako-Wanzalire, Mongo, Ilonga, Mapoli, Mbumba, Neema, Tungaluna, Itoka, and Bogaert, 2021, Tropicultura, 39 (1: 1709): 1–19, briefly discussed habitat preference in north-central Dem. Rep. Congo.

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