Leptopelis palmatus (Peters, 1868)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Arthroleptidae > Subfamily: Leptopelinae > Genus: Leptopelis > Species: Leptopelis palmatus

Hylambates palmatus Peters, 1868, Monatsber. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1868: 453. Holotype: ZMB 6067 according to Bauer, Günther, and Klipfel, 1995, in Bauer et al. (eds.), Herpetol. Contr. W.C.H. Peters: 43. Type locality: "Prinzensinsel (Ilha de Principer)" = Ile de Principe, São Tomé and Principe, Gulf of Guinea.

Leptopelis palmatusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 234, 332; Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 238.

English Names

Palm Forest Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 69).

Palm Tree Frog (Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 214).


Principe Island below 600 m elevation, Gulf of Guinea, West Africa.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: São Tomé and Principe

Endemic: São Tomé and Principe


Records from the mainland are now treated as Leptopelis rufus. See comment under Leptopelis rufus. Redefined by Perret, 1973, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 15–16: 81-90; confirmed by Loumont, 1992, Alytes, 10: 37-62. See account by Laurent, 1973, Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent., Tervuren, Ser. Octavo, Sci. Zool., 202: 49-50. Schiøtz, 1963, Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren., 125: 87, provided a record for Nigeria. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 290. See collection, life history, and morphological information provided by Drewes and Stoelting, 2004, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 55: 573–587. Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 214–215, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. Jaynes, Myers, Drewes, and Bell, 2021, Herpetol. J., 31: 162–169, reported on mtDNA, acoustic, and morphological differences from Leptopelis rufus. Bell, Ceríaco, Scheinberg, and Drewes, 2022, in Ceríaco et al. (eds.), Biodiversity Gulf Guinea Islands: 490–491, summarized the literature and systematics of the species. Ceríaco, Marques, Sousa, Veríssimo, Beja, and Ferreira, 2023, ZooKeys, 1168: 41–75, included this species in a report, key, and DNA barcode reference library for the amphibians of São Tomé and Príncipe.  

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