Leptopelis rufus Reichenow, 1874

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Arthroleptidae > Subfamily: Leptopelinae > Genus: Leptopelis > Species: Leptopelis rufus

Leptopelis rufus Reichenow, 1874, Arch. Naturgesch., 40: 291. Holotype: ZMB, lost, according to Perret, 1962, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 65: 238; MHNG 1324.65 designated neotype by Perret, 1973, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 15–16: 88; now located and ZMB 8223 by museum records, which renders the neotype invalid. Type locality: "Walde bei Victoria [now Limbé], am Fusse der Camerunberge", Cameroon; neotype from Nkondjock, Cameroon.

Hylambates rufusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 136.

Leptopelis rufusNoble, 1924, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 49: 234, 332. Based on specimens of Leptopelis millsoni according to Laurent, 1941, Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., 35: 97); Ahl, 1929, Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin, 1929: 204.

English Names

Red Treefrog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 69).


Rainforests from southeasternmost Nigeria, western Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, western Gabon, and lower Rep. Congo to lower Dem. Rep. Congo and questionably to northwestern Angola (see comment).


Redefined by Perret, 1973, Ann. Fac. Sci. Cameroun, 15–16: 81-90. For a long time before its reassessment, this species was confused with several others, particularly Leptopelis palmatus. De la Riva, 1994, Rev. Esp. Herpetol., 8: 131, provided a record for Equatorial Guinea. Lasso, Rial, Castroviejo, and De la Riva, 2002, Graellsia, 58: 21-34, provided notes on ecological distribution in Equatorial Guinea. See account for Cameroon by Amiet, 2012, Rainettes Cameroun: 544-550. Channing, Rödel, and Channing, 2012, Tadpoles of Africa: 118, reported on comparative tadpole morphology. Schiøtz, 1999, Treefrogs Afr.: 256–257, provided an account and map. Barej, Pfalzgraff, Hirschfeld, Liedtke, Penner, Gonwouo, Dahmen, Grözinger, Schmitz, and Rödel, 2015, Amph. Rept. Conserv., 9(2, Spec. Section): 56–84, reported on larval morphology. Baptista, Conradie, Vaz Pinto, and Branch, 2019, In Huntley, Russo, Lages, and Ferrand (eds.), Biodiversity in Angola: 258, doubted that this species is found in Angola. Dewynter and Frétey, 2019, Cah. Fondation Biotope, 27: 15, summarized the literature for Gabon and provided a photograph (p. 50). Channing and Rödel, 2019, Field Guide Frogs & Other Amph. Afr.: 214–215, provided a brief account, photograph, and range map. See brief account, range map, and photographs for Equatorial Guinea in Sánchez-Vialas, Calvo-Revuelta, Castroviejo-Fisher, and De la Riva, 2020, Proc. California Acad. Sci., Ser. 4, 66: 137–230. Jaynes, Myers, Drewes, and Bell, 2021, Herpetol. J., 31: 162–169, reported on mtDNA,  acoustic, and morphological differences from Leptopelis palmatus

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