Bombina lichuanensis Ye and Fei, 1993

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Family: Bombinatoridae > Genus: Bombina > Species: Bombina lichuanensis

Bombina lichuanensis Ye and Fei in Ye, Fei, and Hu, 1993, Rare and Economic Amph. China: 113 (p. 364 for authorship). Holotype: Not stated; given as CIB 74I0747 by Ye and Fei, 1994, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 3: 22. Type locality: Not given, but subsequently stated by Ye and Fei, 1994, Acta Herpetol. Sinica, 3: 22, 25, to be "Beiyang, Lichuan [county], Hubei; altitude 1830 m", China.  

Bombina (Grobina) lichuanensis — Fei, Ye, Huang, Jiang, and Xie, 2005, in Fei et al. (eds.), Illust. Key Chinese Amph.: 54; Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 373.

English Names

Lichuan Bell Toad (Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 58).


Lichuan County, Hubei, eastern Guangxi, and Mabian County, Sichuan, China. 

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: China, People's Republic of

Endemic: China, People's Republic of


See comments under Bombina maxima and Bombina microdeladigitora for access to relevant systematic literature inasmuch as this species is only controversially separated from them. See brief account, map, and figure by Fei, 1999, Atlas Amph. China: 58. Fei and Ye, 2001, Color Handbook Amph. Sichuan: 100, provided a brief account and illustration. Yu, Yang, Zhang, and Rao, 2007, J. Herpetol., 41: 365–377, supported the distinctiveness of Bombina lichuanensis and suggested that it is the sister taxon of Bombina maxima (in the sense of including Bombina fortinuptialis and Bombina microdeladigitora). Zheng, Fu, and Li, 2009, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 52: 70–83, recognized Bombina microdeladigitoraBombina lichuanensis, and Bombina fortinuptialis as separate species and provided molecular evidence consistent with this view. See image, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 155. Fei, Hu, Ye, and Huang, 2009, Fauna Sinica, Amph. 2: 67–70, provided an account, dot-map, and illustration of the holotype. Fei, Ye, and Jiang, 2010, Colored Atlas of Chinese Amph.: 105, provided a brief account including photographs of specimens and habitat. Placed into the synonymy with Bombina microdeladigitora by Pabijan, Wandycz, Hofman, Węcek, Piwczyński, and Szymura, 2013, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 69: 63–74, on the basis of low mutual mtDNA distances, although with the caveat that additional work may require their resurrection.

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