Craugastor escoces (Savage, 1975)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor escoces

Eleutherodactylus escoces Savage, 1975, Copeia, 1975: 280. Holotype: LACM 76857, by original designation. Type locality: "Costa Rica: Provincia de Heredia: Canton de San Rafael: south slope of Volcan Barba: E margin Alto de Roble, 0.5 km N Cerro Chompipe, nr. Rio Las Vueltas: 2030 m." Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 103, commented on the type locality.

Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) escocesHedges, 1989, in Woods (ed.), Biogeograph. W. Indies: 317, by implication; Lynch, 1996, in Powell and Henderson (eds.), Contr. W. Indian Herpetol.: 154.

Craugastor escocesCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) escocesHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 41.

English Names

Heredia Robber Frog (Frank and Ramus, 1995, Compl. Guide Scient. Common Names Amph. Rept. World: 74).


Premontane and lower montane evergreen forest (1100–2100 m) on the volcanos Barba, Irazú, and Turrialba, and from Juan Castro Blanco National Park (1820 m elevation), Alajuela, Costa Rica.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica

Endemic: Costa Rica


See comment under Eleutherodactylus angelicus. In the Eleutherodactylus (Craugastor) rugulosus group of Lynch and Duellman, 1997, Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ., 23: 223. See account by Campbell and Savage, 2000, Herpetol. Monogr., 14: 269–271. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 249–250, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group. In the Craugastor punctariolus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 42, and of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See photograph, map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 303. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one. Jiménez and Alvarado, 2017, Amphibia-Reptilia, 38: 257–259, reported on the first detection of this species after 60 years. 

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