Craugastor gulosus (Cope, 1875)

Class: Amphibia > Order: Anura > Superfamily: Brachycephaloidea > Family: Craugastoridae > Genus: Craugastor > Species: Craugastor gulosus

Lithodytes gulosus Cope, 1875 "1876", J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Ser. 2, 8: 112. Holotype: USNM 32590 according to Cochran, 1961, Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus., 220: 65. Type locality: "on a spur of the Pico Blanco, at 6000 feet elevation", Costa Rica. Corrected to "Cerro Utyum, 6000 ft, Cantón de Talamanca, Provincia de Limón; 1829 m", Costa Rica, by Savage, 1974, Rev. Biol. Tropical, 22: 110 and by Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 25. See discussion of type locality by Arias and Chaves, 2014, Mesoam. Herpetol., 1: 176–180, who concluded that the type locality is actually ""Near an unnamed hill close to the Río Lari canyon, elev. 1,830 m", Provincia de Limón, Costa Rica. 

Hylodes gulosusBoulenger, 1882, Cat. Batr. Sal. Coll. Brit. Mus., Ed. 2: 211; Brocchi, 1882, Miss. Scient. Mex. Amer. Centr., Rech. Zool., 3(2, livr. 2): 57.

Eleutherodactylus gulosusStejneger, 1904, Annu. Rep. U.S. Natl. Mus. for 1902: 582–583, by implication; Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 10.

Craugastor gulosusCrawford and Smith, 2005, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 35: 551, by implication; Frost, Grant, Faivovich, Bain, Haas, Haddad, de Sá, Channing, Wilkinson, Donnellan, Raxworthy, Campbell, Blotto, Moler, Drewes, Nussbaum, Lynch, Green, and Wheeler, 2006, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 297: 360.

Craugastor (Craugastor) gulosusHedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 38.

English Names

None noted.


Humid premontane and possibly lower montane areas of the southern Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica and Panama, 1000–1873 m elevation.

Geographic Occurrence

Natural Resident: Costa Rica, Panama


Removed from the synonymy of Eleutherodactylus biporcatus by Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 10, where it had been placed by Lynch, 1975, Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 38: 1-46. (it had previously been placed in the synonymy of Hylodes rugosus Peters, 1874, by Noble, 1918, Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 38: 329. In the Eleutherodactylus biporcatus group according to Savage and Myers, 2002, Am. Mus. Novit., 3357: 1-21, who provided an account. See account by Savage, 2002, Amph. Rept. Costa Rica: 253-254, who included this species in his Eleutherodactylus fitzingeri series, Eleutherodactylus biporcatus group. In the Craugastor gulosus species series of Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008, Zootaxa, 1737: 38. In the Craugastor (Craugastorpunctariolus species series of Padial, Grant, and Frost, 2014, Zootaxa, 3825: 123. See map, description of geographic range and habitat, and conservation status in Stuart, Hoffmann, Chanson, Cox, Berridge, Ramani, and Young, 2008, Threatened Amph. World: 304. Köhler, 2011, Amph. Cent. Am.: 140–191, provided a key to the genera and species of Brachycephaloidea (= Craugastoridae, Eleutherodactylidae) in Central America and provided maps and photographs of the species, including this one.

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